A review on Maslow’s pyramid, it’s misinterpretation, and it’s flaws

The best article that describes well, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, is the one below, from simplypsychology, then there is a wikipedia article, and lastly an article that explains in a simple way, the basic concepts from verywell.

For now, let’s put a pyramid model, to see and understand the basics:

maslow's hierarchy of needs five stage pyramide

First, the first misinterpretation, is the one from wikipedia article, that says that some needs are more important than others, in different societies.

The truth is, this system of Maslow can be well interpreted, as needs that once satisfied, would go to higher needs on the levels of the pyramid.

But one aspect that is not mentioned, and should be mentioned is that, needs can be started and stopped at one’s will. Which means, that, through ascetism, discipline and control, one can skip some of the needs that are not necessary for survival(like belonging and love needs, esteem needs, aesthetic needs).

Self-Actualization can be defined, by the writer of this article(me), with one keyword.

Analysis.

Self-Actualization = Analysis.

The individuals who make analysis on their own behavior, own world, who study and analyze, compare, are practicing the process of Self-Actualization.

It is similar to how a Blockchain(with transactions and history) operates.

The wallet when seeks to update, it looks to take the best information out of the world, and seeks to be, up to date.

The process of Self-Actualization, however, in the real world, for people, is done through Analysis, that improves each time more information input is added. To call the process of Self-Actualization a continuing process is correct. It takes years, sometime tens of years of time, to fully reach a complete level of Self-Actualization.

Because, the Analysis, or the Cognitive factor has to be very accurate, and Self-Actualization is fully complete, when all there is to Analyze, from top to bottom, is complete. The more a person doing Self-Actualization manages to get a more fundamental, core like, perspective, the more that person is completing Self-Actualization. This is true, because, every action, has a source. Higher things create manifestations into lower things, and thus the real purpose of analysis is to look into the current lower things, to perceive higher things. Therefore, the process of Self-Actualization may never end, but it can be completed, by adding and learning a lot from history, continually re-testing to see if current theories may actually be not true in all environments, and thus learning all the exceptions.

Self-Transcendence is defined one time, as helping others to go into Self-Actualization.

Let it be a reminder, because some have said that Self-Actualized people are doing literature and art. Some people do it out of the desire to paint and write, with no care about how the world works, and how far things can go(the rabbit hole metaphor, the matrix, etc.). Those people are not fully into the process of Self-Actualization.

A person Self-Actualization level can be measured by how broad or big it’s perspective really is. One who is a painter and nothing else, could have a lower Self-Actualization level, while a person who would write a Constitution, A Declaration of Independence or do a political movement that is entirely beneficial to the rights of a person and improve other’s Self-Actualization levels is most likely having a higher Self-Actualization level.

So now, as to define, Self-Transcendence, these values can be defined as those of people like Buddha, Lao-Tzu, and likely some Hindu Gods, like Shiva, Brahma, Vishnu.

So, to further explain what Maslow wanted to provide with “Self-Transcendence” level, the best way is to be aware of teachings like Tao Te Ching, Buddha’s Eightfold Path, the path of Arihants and Siddhas.

To quote:

Arihant (Magadhi Prakritअरिहन्तarihantSanskritअर्हतárhat “conqueror”) or jina, is a soul who has conquered inner passions such as attachment, anger, pride and greed.[1] Arihant are also called kevalins (omniscient beings) as they possess Kevala Jnana (pure infinite knowledge).[2][3] An arihant is also called a Jina “conqueror”. At the end of their life, arihants destroy all four gathiya karmas and attain moksha(liberation) and become siddha (liberated soul). The Ṇamōkāra mantra, the fundamental prayer dedicated to Pañca-Parameṣṭhi (five supreme beings), begins with Ṇnamō arihantāṇnamṁ, “Obeisance to the arihants”.

In Jainism, omniscience is said to be the infinite, all-embracing knowledge that reflects, as it were in a mirror, all substances and their infinite modes, extending through the past, the present and the future.[7] According to Jain texts, omniscience is the natural attribute of the pure souls. The self-attaining omniscience becomes a kevalī.

Siddha (Tamil ‘Great thinker/wise man’, Sanskrit, “perfected one”) is a term that is used widely in Indian religions and culture. It means “one who is accomplished”.[1][2] It refers to perfected masters who have achieved a high degree of physical as well as spiritual perfection or enlightenment. In Jainism, the term is used to refer the liberated souls. Siddha may also refer to one who has attained a siddhi, paranormal capabilities.

In Jainism, the term siddha is used to refer the liberated souls who have destroyed all karmas and have obtained moksha.[5] They are free from the transmigratory cycle of birth and death (saṃsāra) and are above Arihantas (omniscient beings). Siddhas do not have a body; they are soul in its purest form. They reside in the Siddhashila, which is situated at the top of the Universe.[6] They are formless and have no passions and therefore are free from all temptations. They do not have any karmas and they do not collect any new karmas.

According to Jains, Siddhas have eight specific characteristics or qualities. Ancient Tamil Jain Classic ‘Choodamani Nigandu’ describes the eight characteristics in a poem, which is given below.[7]

“கடையிலா ஞானத்தோடு காட்சி வீரியமே இன்ப
மிடையுறு நாமமின்மை விதித்த கோத்திரங்களின்மை
அடைவிலா ஆயுஇன்மை அந்தராயங்கள் இன்மை
உடையவன் யாவன் மற்று இவ்வுலகினுக்கு இறைவனாமே”

“The soul that has infinite knowledge (Ananta jnāna, கடையிலா ஞானம்), infinite vision or wisdom (Ananta darshana, கடையிலா காட்சி), infinite power (Ananta labdhi, கடையிலா வீரியம்), infinite bliss (Ananta sukha, கடையிலா இன்பம்), without name (Akshaya sthiti, நாமமின்மை), without association to any caste (Being vitāraga, கோத்திரமின்மை), infinite life span (Being arupa, ஆயுள் இன்மை) and without any change (Aguruladhutaa, அழியா இயல்பு) is God.”

The following table summarizes the eight supreme qualities of a liberated soul.[8]

Quality Meaning Manifestation
Kśāyika samyaktva infinite faith or belief in the tattvas or essential principles of reality manifested on the destruction of the faith-deluding (darśana mohanīya) karma
Kevala Jnāna infinite knowledge on the destruction of the knowledge-obscuring (jnānāvarnīya) karma.
Kevaladarśana infinite perception on the destruction of the perception-obscuring (darśanāvarnīya) karma
Anantavīrya infinite power on the destruction of the obstructive (antarāya) karma
Sūksmatva fineness manifested on the destruction of the life- determining (āyuh) karma
Avagāhan inter-penetrability manifested on the destruction of the name-determining (nāma) karma
Agurulaghutva literally, neither heavy nor light manifested on the destruction of the status-determining (gotra) karma
Avyābādha undisturbed, infinite bliss manifested on the destruction of the feeling-producing (vedanīya) karma

Because of the quality of Sūksmatva, the liberated soul is beyond sense-perception and its knowledge of the substances is direct, without the use of the senses and the mind. The quality of avagāhan means that the liberated soul does not hinder the existence of other such souls in the same space.

A soul after attaining Siddhahood goes to the top of the loka (as per jain cosmology) and stays there till infinity. Siddhas are formless and dwell in Siddhashila with the above mentioned eight qualities.

So, the path of Self-Transcendence is a path leading to enlightenment, and the levels of such persons can be described as ArihantsSiddhas and possibly individuals and/or personalities that were worshipped in the past as Gods.

A good look on more of these values, here:

Now, because the levels of Self-Actualization and Self-Transcendence are explained, a small commentary can be added. To go faster into levels of Self-Actualization and Self-Transcendence, one only needs to follow a Buddhist or Taoist or Jainist or Hindu path, that would lead one to levels such as Arihants or Siddhas.The reason for their success, is because they are actively practicing Cardinal Virtues, such as Temperance, through which they learn to control their own desires and thus more easily go into a path of Self-Actualization and later on Self-Transcendence.

One can simply skip Self-Actualization(which is more dependent on accumulation and analysis of knowledge) and go to Self-Transcendence.

So to make matters clear, Maslow’s pyramid of needs, generally sustains that some needs need to be fulfilled, before other needs will be found more interesting. That is generally true, but, with the willpower and likely discipline, as explained in Buddhist texts and other sacred texts, one can skip those needs and thus be more closer to Self-Actualization and Self-Transcendence needs.

Also, there have been characteristics or persons who can be described at a level of Self-Actualization, however they are not entirely true:

“3. Spontaneous in thought and action; ”

People who are methodical too, can be considered good in Self-Actualization, but let’s not forget, that everyone’s thoughts can be spontaneous, so it’s more of a characteristic for everyone, not just persons with Self-Actualization.

“5. Unusual sense of humor;”

Depending on one’s definition of  ‘humor’, and ‘unusual’, this is a process that describes people who are on the way to Self-Actualization, but have no interest in the process called Self-Transcendence. Humor and laughter comes from psychological values like pride satisfaction and other types of greed satisfaction. Thus, it’s a value more likely to be common for people with esteem needs and other basic needs rather than Self-Actualization needs.

 

Final points…

People with focus on lower needs, tend to find needs such as Self-Actualization to be uninteresting, especially when they are really focused on those lower needs. And sometimes, the discomfort of telling people that Self-Actualization might be better than lower needs(which some people are dependent on it, or in love with it), will cause them, sometimes, more rejection towards those values of Self-Actualization or higher values like Self-Transcendence.

The myth that one of the lower needs needs to be fulfilled so that higher needs can be fulfilled, stands in general, untrue, because the needs don’t need to be fulfilled, but instead made in such a way that they go away. One way, is through fulfilling that need via giving that person what it craves(esteem, etc.) or the other, that is to simply stop that need from happening, and with one’s will, it can be done, so that higher needs are pursued. As long as they are not needs that stand for survival, those can be supressed.

However, there are examples of basic needs that can be supressed, though rare.

These needs like food, might be supressed via fasting initially, all the way when one leaves as a breatharian(if possible), so that one does not eat anything, and only drinks.

The same thing can be said about sleeping needs, there is some Uberman practice that involves napping for only 20 minutes, 6 times a day, leaving one day with only 2 hours of sleep. But such practices need to be well timed with food practices too.

Of course one can go to tell about the argument that even temperature resistance is possible. Through advanced control of one’s body energy, one can sit naked in winter for extended periods of time, and at the same time, similar practice for walking in the desert. But likely, these practices would involve a lot of temperance and good practice of chi energy.

So, the practice of skipping, is the alternative, to getting into higher states, like Self-Actualization or Self-Transcendence.

With enough discipline, theoretically, everything can be skipped, even food and shelter.

Skipping the needs of esteem and respect are more easy, but some basic needs however needs practice and time.

Thus, persons who are highly focused on Self-Actualization and Self-Transcendence, are more likely to give less time and energy towards lower needs.

This is the end of the review, and the analysis about other articles.

 

Below, are the articles that were used to both strengthen some points and criticize other points:

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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow’s (1943, 1954) hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory in psychology comprising a five tier model of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid.

Maslow stated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs and that some needs take precedence over others. Our most basic need is for physical survival, and this will be the first thing that motivates our behaviour. Once that level is fulfilled the next level up is what motivates us, and so on.

maslow's hierarchy of needs five stage pyramide

This five stage model can be divided into deficiency needs and growth needs. The first four levels are often referred to as deficiency needs (D-needs), and the top level is known as growth or being needs (B-needs).

The deficiency needs are said to motivate people when they are unmet. Also, the need to fulfil such needs will become stronger the longer the duration they are denied. For example, the longer a person goes without food, the more hungry they will become.

One must satisfy lower level deficit needs before progressing on to meet higher level growth needs. When a deficit need has been satisfied it will go away, and our activities become habitually directed towards meeting the next set of needs that we have yet to satisfy. These then become our salient needs. However, growth needs continue to be felt and may even become stronger once they have been engaged. Once these growth needs have been reasonably satisfied, one may be able to reach the highest level called self-actualization.

Every person is capable and has the desire to move up the hierarchy toward a level of self-actualization. Unfortunately, progress is often disrupted by a failure to meet lower level needs. Life experiences, including divorce and loss of a job may cause an individual to fluctuate between levels of the hierarchy. Therefore, not everyone will move through the hierarchy in a uni-directional manner but may move back and forth between the different types of needs.

Maslow noted only one in a hundred people become fully self-actualized because our society rewards motivation primarily based on esteem, love and other social needs.


The original hierarchy of needsfive-stage model includes:

1. Biological and Physiological needs – air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep.

2. Safety needs – protection from elements, security, order, law, stability, freedom from fear.

3. Love and belongingness needs – friendship, intimacy, trust and acceptance, receiving and giving affection and love. Affiliating, being part of a group (family, friends, work).

4. Esteem needs – achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, self-respect, respect from others.

5. Self-Actualization needs – realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences.

maslow's hierarchy of needs five stage pyramide

Maslow posited that human needs are arranged in a hierarchy:

‘It is quite true that man lives by bread alone — when there is no bread. But what happens to man’s desires when there is plenty of bread and when his belly is chronically filled?

At once other (and “higher”) needs emerge and these, rather than physiological hungers, dominate the organism. And when these in turn are satisfied, again new (and still “higher”) needs emerge and so on. This is what we mean by saying that the basic human needs are organized into a hierarchy of relative prepotency’ (Maslow, 1943, p. 375).


The expanded hierarchy of needs:

It is important to note that Maslow’s (1943, 1954) five stage model has been expanded to include cognitive and aesthetic needs (Maslow, 1970a) and later transcendence needs (Maslow, 1970b).
Changes to the original five-stage model are highlighted and include a seven-stage model and a eight-stage model, both developed during the 1960’s and 1970s.

1. Biological and Physiological needs – air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc.

2. Safety needs – protection from elements, security, order, law, stability, etc.

3. Love and belongingness needs – friendship, intimacy, trust and acceptance, receiving and giving affection and love. Affiliating, being part of a group (family, friends, work).

4. Esteem needs – self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility, etc.

5. Cognitive needs – knowledge and understanding, curiosity, exploration, need for meaning and predictability.

6. Aesthetic needs – appreciation and search for beauty, balance, form, etc.

 

7. Self-Actualization needs – realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences.

8. Transcendence needs – helping others to achieve self actualization.
maslow's hierarchy of needs five stage pyramide

Self-actualization

Instead of focusing on psychopathology and what goes wrong with people, Maslow (1943) formulated a more positive account of human behavior which focused on what goes right. He was interested in human potential, and how we fulfill that potential.

Psychologist Abraham Maslow (1943, 1954) stated that human motivation is based on people seeking fulfillment and change through personal growth. Self-actualized people are those who were fulfilled and doing all they were capable of.

The growth of self-actualization (Maslow, 1962) refers to the need for personal growth and discovery that is present throughout a person’s life. For Maslow, a person is always ‘becoming’ and never remains static in these terms. In self-actualization a person comes to find a meaning to life that is important to them.

As each individual is unique the motivation for self-actualization leads people in different directions (Kenrick et al., 2010). For some people self-actualization can be achieved through creating works of art or literature, for others through sport, in the classroom, or within a corporate setting.

Maslow (1962) believed self-actualization could be measured through the concept of peak experiences. This occurs when a person experiences the world totally for what it is, and there are feelings of euphoria, joy and wonder.

It is important to note that self-actualization is a continual process of becoming rather than a perfect state one reaches of a ‘happy ever after’ (Hoffman, 1988).

Maslow offers the following description of self-actualization:

‘It refers to the person’s desire for self-fulfillment, namely, to the tendency for him to become actualized in what he is potentially.

The specific form that these needs will take will of course vary greatly from person to person. In one individual it may take the form of the desire to be an ideal mother, in another it may be expressed athletically, and in still another it may be expressed in painting pictures or in inventions’ (Maslow, 1943, p. 382–383).

Are you self-actualized?


Characteristics of self-actualized people

Although we are all, theoretically, capable of self-actualizing, most of us will not do so, or only to a limited degree. Maslow (1970) estimated that only two percent of people would reach the state of self-actualization. He was especially interested in the characteristics of people whom he considered to have achieved their potential as individuals.

By studying 18 people he considered to be self-actualized (including Abraham Lincoln and Albert Einstein) Maslow (1970) identified 15 characteristics of a self-actualized person.

Characteristics of self-actualizers:

1. They perceive reality efficiently and can tolerate uncertainty;

2. Accept themselves and others for what they are;

3. Spontaneous in thought and action;

4. Problem-centered (not self-centered);

5. Unusual sense of humor;

6. Able to look at life objectively;

7. Highly creative;

8. Resistant to enculturation, but not purposely unconventional;

9. Concerned for the welfare of humanity;

10. Capable of deep appreciation of basic life-experience;

11. Establish deep satisfying interpersonal relationships with a few people;

12. Peak experiences;

13. Need for privacy;

14. Democratic attitudes;

15. Strong moral/ethical standards.

Behavior leading to self-actualization:

(a) Experiencing life like a child, with full absorption and concentration;

(b) Trying new things instead of sticking to safe paths;

(c) Listening to your own feelings in evaluating experiences instead of the voice of tradition, authority or the majority;

(d) Avoiding pretense (‘game playing’) and being honest;

(e) Being prepared to be unpopular if your views do not coincide with those of the majority;

(f) Taking responsibility and working hard;

(g) Trying to identify your defenses and having the courage to give them up.

The characteristics of self-actualizers and the behaviors leading to self-actualization are shown in the list above.  Although people achieve self-actualization in their own unique way, they tend to share certain characteristics.  However, self-actualization is a matter of degree, ‘There are no perfect human beings’ (Maslow,1970a, p. 176).

It is not necessary to display all 15 characteristics to become self-actualized, and not only self-actualized people will display them. Maslow did not equate self-actualization with perfection. Self-actualization merely involves achieving one’s potential. Thus, someone can be silly, wasteful, vain and impolite, and still self-actualize. Less than two percent of the population achieve self-actualization.


Educational applications

Maslow’s (1968) hierarchy of needs theory has made a major contribution to teaching and classroom management in schools. Rather than reducing behavior to a response in the environment, Maslow (1970a) adopts a holistic approach to education and learning. Maslow looks at the complete physical, emotional, social, and intellectual qualities of an individual and how they impact on learning.

Applications of Maslow’s hierarchy theory to the work of the classroom teacher are obvious. Before a student’s cognitive needs can be met they must first fulfil their basic physiological needs. For example a tired and hungry student will find it difficult to focus on learning. Students need to feel emotionally and physically safe and accepted within the classroom to progress and reach their full potential.

Maslow suggests students must be shown that they are valued and respected in the classroom and the teacher should create a supportive environment. Students with a low self-esteem will not progress academically at an optimum rate until their self-esteem is strengthened.


Critical evaluation

The most significant limitation of Maslow’s theory concerns his methodology. Maslow formulated the characteristics of self-actualized individuals from undertaking a qualitative method called biographical analysis.

He looked at the biographies and writings of 18 people he identified as being self-actualized. From these sources he developed a list of qualities that seemed characteristic of this specific group of people, as opposed to humanity in general.

From a scientific perspective there are numerous problems with this particular approach. First, it could be argued that biographical analysis as a method is extremely subjective as it is based entirely on the opinion of the researcher. Personal opinion is always prone to bias, which reduces the validity of any data obtained. Therefore Maslow’s operational definition of self-actualization must not be blindly accepted as scientific fact.

Furthermore, Maslow’s biographical analysis focused on a biased sample of self-actualized individuals, prominently limited to highly educated white males (such as Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Albert Einstein, William James, Aldous Huxley, Gandhi, Beethoven).

Although Maslow (1970) did study self-actualized females, such as Eleanor Roosevelt and Mother Teresa, they comprised a small proportion of his sample. This makes it difficult to generalize his theory to females and individuals from lower social classes or different ethnicity. Thus questioning the population validity of Maslow’s findings.

Furthermore, it is extremely difficult to empirically test Maslow’s concept of self-actualization in a way that causal relationships can be established.

Another criticism concerns Maslow’s assumption that the lower needs must be satisfied before a person can achieve their potential and self-actualize. This is not always the case, and therefore Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in some aspects has been falsified.

Through examining cultures in which large numbers of people live in poverty (such as India) it is clear that people are still capable of higher order needs such as love and belongingness. However, this should not occur, as according to Maslow, people who have difficulty achieving very basic physiological needs (such as food, shelter etc.) are not capable of meeting higher growth needs.

Also, many creative people, such as authors and artists (e.g. Rembrandt and Van Gogh) lived in poverty throughout their lifetime, yet it could be argued that they achieved self-actualization.

Psychologists now conceptualize motivation as a pluralistic behavior, whereby needs can operate on many levels simultaneously. A person may be motivated by higher growth needs at the same time as lower level deficiency needs.

Contemporary research by Tay & Diener (2011) has tested Maslow’s theory by analyzing the data of 60,865 participants from 123 countries, representing every major region of the world. The survey was conducted from 2005 to 2010.

Respondents answered questions about six needs that closely resemble those in Maslow’s model: basic needs (food, shelter); safety; social needs (love, support); respect; mastery; and autonomy. They also rated their well-being across three discrete measures: life evaluation (a person’s view of his or her life as a whole), positive feelings (day-to-day instances of joy or pleasure), and negative feelings (everyday experiences of sorrow, anger, or stress).

 

The results of the study support the view that universal human needs appear to exist regardless of cultural differences. However, the ordering of the needs within the hierarchy was not correct.

“Although the most basic needs might get the most attention when you don’t have them,” Diener explains, “you don’t need to fulfill them in order to get benefits [from the others].” Even when we are hungry, for instance, we can be happy with our friends. “They’re like vitamins,” Diener says about how the needs work independently. “We need them all.”

 

From wikipedia:

 

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, represented as a pyramid with the more basic needs at the bottom[1]

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” in Psychological Review.[2] Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans’ innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology, some of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans. Maslow used the terms “physiological”, “safety”, “belonging” and “love”, “esteem”, “self-actualization”, and “self-transcendence” to describe the pattern that human motivations generally move through. The goal of Maslow’s Theory is to attain the sixth level of stage: self transcendent needs.[3]

Maslow studied what he called exemplary people such as Albert EinsteinJane AddamsEleanor Roosevelt, and Frederick Douglass rather than mentally ill or neurotic people, writing that “the study of crippled, stunted, immature, and unhealthy specimens can yield only a cripple psychology and a cripple philosophy.”[4]:236 Maslow studied the healthiest 1% of the college student population.[5]

Maslow’s theory was fully expressed in his 1954 book Motivation and Personality.[4] The hierarchy remains a very popular framework in sociology research, management training[6] and secondary and higher psychology instruction.

 

Hierarchy

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is often portrayed in the shape of a pyramid with the largest, most fundamental levels of needs at the bottom and the need for self-actualization and self-transcendence at the top.[1][7]

The most fundamental and basic four layers of the pyramid contain what Maslow called “deficiency needs” or “d-needs”: esteem, friendship and love, security, and physical needs. If these “deficiency needs” are not met – with the exception of the most fundamental (physiological) need – there may not be a physical indication, but the individual will feel anxious and tense. Maslow’s theory suggests that the most basic level of needs must be met before the individual will strongly desire (or focus motivation upon) the secondary or higher level needs. Maslow also coined the term “metamotivation” to describe the motivation of people who go beyond the scope of the basic needs and strive for constant betterment.[8]

The human brain is a complex system and has parallel processes running at the same time, thus many different motivations from various levels of Maslow’s hierarchy can occur at the same time. Maslow spoke clearly about these levels and their satisfaction in terms such as “relative”, “general”, and “primarily”. Instead of stating that the individual focuses on a certain need at any given time, Maslow stated that a certain need “dominates” the human organism.[4] Thus Maslow acknowledged the likelihood that the different levels of motivation could occur at any time in the human mind, but he focused on identifying the basic types of motivation and the order in which they should be met.

Physiological needs

Physiological needs are the physical requirements for human survival. If these requirements are not met, the human body cannot function properly and will ultimately fail. Physiological needs are thought to be the most important; they should be met first.

Air, water, and food are metabolic requirements for survival in all animals, including humans. Clothing and shelter provide necessary protection from the elements. While maintaining an adequate birth rate shapes the intensity of the human sexual instinct, sexual competition may also shape said instinct.[2]

Safety needs

Once a person’s physiological needs are relatively satisfied, their safety needs take precedence and dominate behavior. In the absence of physical safety – due to war, natural disaster, family violencechildhood abuse, etc. – people may (re-)experience post-traumatic stress disorder or transgenerational trauma. In the absence of economic safety – due to economic crisis and lack of work opportunities – these safety needs manifest themselves in ways such as a preference for job security, grievance procedures for protecting the individual from unilateral authority, savings accounts, insurance policies, disability accommodations, etc. This level is more likely to be found in children as they generally have a greater need to feel safe.

Safety and Security needs include:

  • Personal security
  • Financial security
  • Health and well-being
  • Safety net against accidents/illness and their adverse impacts

Social belonging

After physiological and safety needs are fulfilled, the third level of human needs is interpersonal and involves feelings of belongingness. This need is especially strong in childhood and it can override the need for safety as witnessed in children who cling to abusive parents. Deficiencies within this level of Maslow’s hierarchy – due to hospitalismneglectshunningostracism, etc. – can adversely affect the individual’s ability to form and maintain emotionally significant relationships in general, such as:

  • Friendships
  • Intimacy
  • Family

According to Maslow, humans need to feel a sense of belonging and acceptance among their social groups, regardless whether these groups are large or small. For example, some large social groups may include clubs, co-workers, religious groups, professional organizations, sports teams, and gangs. Some examples of small social connections include family members, intimate partners, mentors, colleagues, and confidants. Humans need to love and be loved – both sexually and non-sexually – by others.[2] Many people become susceptible to lonelinesssocial anxiety, and clinical depression in the absence of this love or belonging element. This need for belonging may overcome the physiological and security needs, depending on the strength of the peer pressure.

Esteem

All humans have a need to feel respected; this includes the need to have self-esteem and self-respect. Esteem presents the typical human desire to be accepted and valued by others. People often engage in a profession or hobby to gain recognition. These activities give the person a sense of contribution or value. Low self-esteem or an inferiority complexmay result from imbalances during this level in the hierarchy. People with low self-esteem often need respect from others; they may feel the need to seek fame or glory. However, fame or glory will not help the person to build their self-esteem until they accept who they are internally. Psychological imbalances such as depression can hinder the person from obtaining a higher level of self-esteem or self-respect.

Most people have a need for stable self-respect and self-esteem. Maslow noted two versions of esteem needs: a “lower” version and a “higher” version. The “lower” version of esteem is the need for respect from others. This may include a need for status, recognition, fame, prestige, and attention. The “higher” version manifests itself as the need for self-respect. For example, the person may have a need for strength, competence, mastery, self-confidence, independence, and freedom. This “higher” version takes precedence over the “lower” version because it relies on an inner competence established through experience. Deprivation of these needs may lead to an inferiority complex, weakness, and helplessness.

Maslow states that while he originally thought the needs of humans had strict guidelines, the “hierarchies are interrelated rather than sharply separated”.[4] This means that esteem and the subsequent levels are not strictly separated; instead, the levels are closely related.

Self-actualization

“What a man can be, he must be.”[4]:91 This quotation forms the basis of the perceived need for self-actualization. This level of need refers to what a person’s full potential is and the realization of that potential. Maslow describes this level as the desire to accomplish everything that one can, to become the most that one can be.[4]:92 Individuals may perceive or focus on this need very specifically. For example, one individual may have the strong desire to become an ideal parent. In another, the desire may be expressed athletically. For others, it may be expressed in paintings, pictures, or inventions.[4]:93 As previously mentioned, Maslow believed that to understand this level of need, the person must not only achieve the previous needs, but master them.

Self-transcendence

In his later years, Maslow explored a further dimension of needs, while criticizing his own vision on self-actualization.[9] The self only finds its actualization in giving itself to some higher goal outside oneself, in altruism and spirituality.[10] “Transcendence refers to the very highest and most inclusive or holistic levels of human consciousness, behaving and relating, as ends rather than means, to oneself, to significant others, to human beings in general, to other species, to nature, and to the cosmos” (Farther Reaches of Human Nature, New York 1971, p. 269).

Applying Maslow’s Theory to Nursing

Nurses can apply Maslow’s hierarchy of basic needs in the assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation of patient care. It helps the nurse identify unmet needs as they become health care needs, and allows the nurse to locate the patient on the health-illness continuum and to incorporate the human dimensions and health models into meeting needs.

The Human Dimensions and Basic Human Needs

Physical dimension Physiologic needs Breathing, circulation, temperature, intake of food and fluids, elimination of wastes, movement.
Environmental dimension Safety and security needs Housing, community, climate.
Sociocultural dimension Love and belonging needs Relationships with others, communications with others, support systems, being part of community, feeling loved by others.
Emotional dimension Self-esteem needs Fear, sadness, loneliness, happiness, accepting self.
Intellectual and spiritual dimensions Self-actualization needs Thinking, learning, decision making, values, beliefs, fulfillment, helping others.

All basic human needs are interrelated and may require nursing actions at more than one level at a given time. For example, in caring for a person coming into the emergency department with a heart attack, the nurse’s immediate concern in the patient’s physiologic needs (e.g., oxygen and pain relief). At the same time, safety needs (e.g., for ensuring that the person does not fall off the examining table) and love and belonging needs (e.g., for having a family member nearby if possible) are still major considerations. [11]

Research

Recent research appears to validate the existence of universal human needs, although the hierarchy proposed by Maslow is called into question.[12][13]

Following World War II, the unmet needs of homeless and orphaned children presented difficulties that were often addressed with the help of attachment theory, which was initially based on Maslow and others’ developmental psychology work by John Bowlby.[14] Originally dealing primarily with maternal deprivation and concordant losses of essential and primal needs, attachment theory has since been extended to provide explanations of nearly all the human needs in Maslow’s hierarchy, from sustenance and mating to group membership and justice.[15]

Criticism

Ranking

Global ranking

In their extensive review of research based on Maslow’s theory, Wahba and Bridwell found little evidence for the ranking of needs that Maslow described or for the existence of a definite hierarchy at all.[16]

The order in which the hierarchy is arranged has been criticized as being ethnocentric by Geert Hofstede.[17] Maslow’s hierarchy of needs fails to illustrate and expand upon the difference between the social and intellectual needs of those raised in individualistic societies and those raised in collectivist societies. The needs and drives of those in individualistic societies tend to be more self-centered than those in collectivist societies, focusing on improvement of the self, with self-actualization being the apex of self-improvement. In collectivist societies, the needs of acceptance and community will outweigh the needs for freedom and individuality.[18]

Ranking of sex

The position and value of sex on the pyramid has also been a source of criticism regarding Maslow’s hierarchy. Maslow’s hierarchy places sex in the physiological needs category along with food and breathing; it lists sex solely from an individualistic perspective. For example, sex is placed with other physiological needs which must be satisfied before a person considers “higher” levels of motivation. Some critics feel this placement of sex neglects the emotional, familial, and evolutionary implications of sex within the community, although others point out that this is true of all of the basic needs.[19][20] There are also people who do not want sex, such as some asexuals.[21][22][23]

Changes to the hierarchy by circumstance

The higher-order (self-esteem and self-actualization) and lower-order (physiological, safety, and love) needs classification of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is not universal and may vary across cultures due to individual differences and availability of resources in the region or geopolitical entity/country.

In one study,[24] exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of a thirteen item scale showed there were two particularly important levels of needs in the US during the peacetime of 1993 to 1994: survival (physiological and safety) and psychological (love, self-esteem, and self-actualization). In 1991, a retrospective peacetime measure was established and collected during the Persian Gulf War and US citizens were asked to recall the importance of needs from the previous year. Once again, only two levels of needs were identified; therefore, people have the ability and competence to recall and estimate the importance of needs. For citizens in the Middle East (Egypt and Saudi Arabia), three levels of needs regarding importance and satisfaction surfaced during the 1990 retrospective peacetime. These three levels were completely different from those of the US citizens.

 

The Five Levels of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

How Maslow’s Famous Hierarchy Explains Human Motivation

 

From Basic to More Complex Needs
hierarchy of needs
J. Finkelstein

Maslow’s hierarchy is most often displayed as a pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the most complex needs are at the top of the pyramid.

Needs at the bottom of the pyramid are basic physical requirements including the need for food, water, sleep, and warmth. Once these lower-level needs have been met, people can move on to the next level of needs, which are for safety and security.

As people progress up the pyramid, needs become increasingly psychological and social. Soon, the need for love, friendship, and intimacy become important. Further up the pyramid, the need for personal esteem and feelings of accomplishment take priority.

Like Carl Rogers, Maslow emphasized the importance of self-actualization, which is a process of growing and developing as a person in order to achieve individual potential.

—————————————————————————————

 

 

A look on Buddhism, Taoism, Jainism, Hinduism

This article is focused mostly on Buddhist values. There are some precepts from Taoism, that are similar to Buddhism, and from Jainism, the view of an Arihant, the view of God in Jainism, the view of Shaivism, a description of Rig Veda and a link to all the four Vedas(Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, Atharveda), and other sacred texts.

The Noble Eightfold Path is sometimes divided into three basic divisions, as follows:

Insight, wisdom (Sanskrit: prajñā, Pāli: paññā)
1. Right view
2. Right resolve
Moral virtue (Sanskrit: śīla, Pāli: sīla)
3. Right speech
4. Right action
5. Right livelihood
Meditation (Sanskrit and Pāli: samādhi)
6. Right effort
7. Right mindfulness
8. Right concentration
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noble_Eightfold_Path#Threefold_division

Right View: our actions have consequences; death is not the end, and our actions and beliefs have also consequences after death; the Buddha followed and taught a successful path out of this world and the other world (heaven and underworld/hell). Later on, right view came to explicitly include karma and rebirth, and the importance of the Four Noble Truths, when “insight” became central to Buddhist soteriology.
Right Resolve: the giving up home and adopting the life of a religious mendicant in order to follow the path; this concept, states Harvey, aims at peaceful renunciation, into an environment of non-sensuality, non-ill-will (to loving kindness), away from cruelty (to compassion). Such an environment aids contemplation of impermanence, suffering, and non-Self.
Right Speech: no lying, no rude speech, no telling one person what another says about him, speaking that which leads to salvation;
Right Conduct: no killing or injuring, no taking what is not given, no sexual acts.
Right Livelihood: beg to feed, only possessing what is essential to sustain life;
Right Effort: guard against sensual thoughts; this concept, states Harvey, aims at preventing unwholesome states that disrupt meditation.
Right Mindfulness: never be absent minded, being conscious of what one is doing; this, states Harvey, encourages the mindfulness about impermanence of body, feeling and mind, as well as to experience the five aggregates (skandhas), the five hindrances, the four True Realities and seven factors of awakening.
Right samadhi: practicing four stages of meditation (dhyāna) culminating into unification of the mind.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noble_Eightfold_Path#The_Eight_Divisions

In the Mahācattārīsaka Sutta which appears in the Chinese and Pali canons, the Buddha explains that cultivation of the noble eightfold path of a learner leads to the development of two further paths of the Arhants, which are right knowledge, or insight (sammā-ñāṇa), and right liberation, or release (sammā-vimutti). These two factors fall under the category of wisdom (paññā)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noble_Eightfold_Path#Tenfold_Path

Five Precepts
1. I undertake the training rule to abstain from killing. Pāṇātipātā veramaṇī sikkhāpadaṃ samādiyāmi.
2. I undertake the training rule to abstain from taking what is not given. Adinnādānā veramaṇī sikkhāpadaṃ samādiyāmi.
3. I undertake the training rule to avoid sexual misconduct. Kāmesumicchācāra veramaṇī sikkhāpadaṃ samādiyāmi.
4. I undertake the training rule to abstain from false speech. Musāvādā veramaṇī sikkhāpadaṃ samādiyāmi.
5. I undertake the training rule to abstain from fermented drink that causes heedlessness.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Precepts#Pali_training_rules
Eight Precepts
The Eight Precepts are for upāsakas and upāsikās who wish to practice Buddhism more strictly than through adherence to the five precepts. The eight precepts focus both on avoiding morally bad behaviour, as do the five precepts, and on leading a more ascetic life.

The Buddha gave teachings on how the eight precepts are to be practiced, and on the right and wrong ways of practicing the eight precepts.

1.I undertake to abstain from causing harm and taking life (both human and non-human).
2.I undertake to abstain from taking what is not given (for example stealing, displacements that may cause misunderstandings).
3.I undertake to abstain from sexual activity.
4.I undertake to abstain from wrong speech: telling lies, deceiving others, manipulating others, using hurtful words.
5.I undertake to abstain from using intoxicating drinks and drugs, which lead to carelessness.
6.I undertake to abstain from eating at the wrong time (the right time is after sunrise, before noon).
7.I undertake to abstain from singing, dancing, playing music, attending entertainment performances, wearing perfume, and using cosmetics and garlands (decorative accessories).
8.I undertake to abstain from luxurious places for sitting or sleeping, and overindulging in sleep.
In Theravada Buddhist countries such as Sri Lanka and Thailand, laypersons will often[citation needed] spend one day a week (on the Uposatha days: the new moon, first-quarter moon, full moon and last-quarter moon days) living in a vihara and practicing the eight precepts.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Precepts#Eight_Precepts

The Ten Precepts refer to the precepts or training rules for śrāmaṇeras (novice monks) and śrāmaṇerīs (novice nuns). They are the same in most schools of Buddhism.

1.Refrain from killing living creatures.
2.Refrain from stealing.
3.Refrain from unchastity (sensuality, sexuality, lust).
4.Refrain from incorrect speech.
5.Refrain from taking intoxicants.
6.Refrain from taking food at inappropriate times (after noon).
7.Refrain from singing, dancing, playing music or attending entertainment programs (performances).
8.Refrain from wearing perfume, cosmetics and garlands (decorative accessories).
9.Refrain from sitting on high chairs and sleeping on luxurious, soft beds.
10.Refrain from accepting money.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Precepts#Ten_Precepts

The Four Right Exertions (cattārimāni sammappadhānāni) are defined with the following traditional phrase:

“There is the case where a monk generates desire, endeavors, activates persistence, upholds & exerts his intent for:
“[i] the sake of the non-arising [anuppādāya] of evil, unskillful qualities that have not yet arisen.
“[ii] … the sake of the abandonment [pahānāya] of evil, unskillful qualities that have arisen.
“[iii] … the sake of the arising [uppādāya] of skillful qualities that have not yet arisen.
“[iv] … the maintenance [ṭhitiyā], non-confusion, increase, plenitude, development, & culmination of skillful qualities that have arisen.”

The four exertions (cattārimāni padhānāni) are summarized as:

Restraint (saṃvara padhāna) of the senses.
Abandonment (pahāna padhāna) of defilements.
Cultivation (bhāvanā padhāna) of Enlightenment Factors.
Preservation (anurakkhaṇā padhāna) of concentration, for instance, using charnel-ground contemplations.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Right_Exertions

In Buddhism, the Seven Factors of Enlightenment (Pali: satta bojjhaṅgā or satta sambojjhaṅgā; Skt.: sapta bodhyanga) are:

Mindfulness (sati) i.e. to recognize the dhammas (phenomena or reality, two ways one can translate “dhamma”).
Investigation (dhamma vicaya) of dhammas.
Energy (viriya) also determination
Joy or rapture (pīti)
Relaxation or tranquility (passaddhi) of both body and mind
Concentration, clear awareness (samādhi) a calm, one-pointed state of concentration of mind, or clear awareness
Equanimity (upekkha), to be fully aware of all phenomena without being lustful or averse towards them.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seven_Factors_of_Enlightenment

Threefold Partition, Eightfold Path, Method of Practice
Wisdom – Knowing Four Noble Truths
Right View
Right Intention
Virtue – Five Laymen Vows
Right Speech
Right Action
Right Livelihood
Mind – Dwelling in the four jhanas (meditation)
Right Effort
Right Mindfulness
Right Concentration
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Threefold_Training

(written in 16th july 2017)

(what is below, is written on 27th July 2017)

Five Precepts, from Taoism

According to The Ultra Supreme Elder Lord’s Scripture of Precepts, the five basic precepts are:

The first precept: No Murdering;
The second precept: No Stealing;
The third precept: No Sexual Misconduct;
The fourth precept: No False Speech;
The fifth precept: No Taking of Intoxicants.
Their definitions can be found in an excerpt of The Ultra Supreme Elder Lord’s Scripture of Precepts:

The Elder Lord said: “The precept against killing is: All living beings, including all kinds of animals, and those as small as insects, worms, and so forth, are containers of the uncreated energy, thus one should not kill any of them.”

The Elder Lord said: “The precept against stealing is: One should not take anything that he does not own and is not given to him, whether it belongs to someone or not.”

The Elder Lord said: “The precept against sexual misconduct is: If a sexual conduct happens, but it is not with your married spouse, it is a Sexual Misconduct. As for a monk or nun, he or she should never marry or practice sexual intercourse with anyone.”*

The Elder Lord said: “The precept against false speech is: If one did not witness what happened himself but telling something to others, or if one lies with knowing it’s a lie, this constitutes False Speech.”

The Elder Lord said: “The precept against taking of intoxicants is: One should not take any alcoholic drinks, unless he has to take some to cure his illness, to regale the guests with a feast, or to conduct religious ceremonies.”**

The Elder Lord had said: “These five precepts are the fundamentals for keeping one’s body in purity, and are the roots of the upholding of the holy teachings. For those virtuous men and virtuous women who enjoy the virtuous teachings, if they can accept and keep these precepts, and never violate any of them till the end of their lifetimes, they are recognized as those with pure faith, they will gain the Way to Tao, will gain the holy principles, and will forever achieve Tao — the Reality.”

*The precept against sexual misconduct also outlines that sexual acts such as premarital sexual conduct, adultery, prostitution, having intercourse with prostitutes, etc., are all sexual misconduct. (Original commentary: If the married spouses have intercourse too frequently, that is also considered sexual misconduct.)

*The term for married spouses (Chinese: 夫婦) usually means “husband and wife”; the scripture itself does not explicitly mention homosexuality. (Original commentary: sexual misconduct is unfaithful sexual relationships [不貞為婬])

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_Precepts_(Taoism)

 

The Ten Precepts of Taoism were outlined in a short text that appears in Dunhuang manuscripts (DH31, 32). The precepts are the classical rules of medieval Taoism as applied to practitioners attaining the rank of Disciple of Pure Faith. They first appeared in the Scripture on Setting the Will on Wisdom (DZ325).[1]

There is one rule that is divided into Ten Precepts. That rule is the Tao (or Dao).

The Precepts[edit]
Do not kill but always be mindful of the host of living beings.
Do not be lascivious or think depraved thoughts.
Do not steal or receive unrighteous wealth.
Do not cheat or misrepresent good and evil.
Do not get intoxicated but always think of pure conduct.
I will maintain harmony with my ancestors and family and never disregard my kin.
When I see someone do a good deed, I will support him with joy and delight.
When I see someone unfortunate, I will support him with dignity to recover good fortune.
When someone comes to do me harm, I will not harbor thoughts of revenge.
As long as all beings have not attained the Tao, I will not expect to do so myself.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ten_Precepts_(Taoism)

 

Five Wisdoms
The Five Wisdoms are:

Tathatā-jñāna, the wisdom of Suchness or Dharmadhatu, “the bare non-conceptualizing awareness” of Śūnyatā, the universal substrate of the other four jñāna;
Ādarśa-jñāna, the wisdom of “Mirror-like Awareness”, “devoid of all dualistic thought and ever united with its ‘content’ as a mirror is with its reflections”;
Samatā-jñāna, the wisdom of the “Awareness of Sameness”, which perceives the sameness, the commonality of dharmas or phenomena.
Pratyavekṣaṇa-jñāna, the wisdom of “Investigative Awareness”, that perceives the specificity, the uniqueness of dharmas.
Kṛty-anuṣṭhāna-jñāna, the wisdom of “Accomplishing Activities”, the awareness that “spontaneously carries out all that has to be done for the welfare of beings, manifesting itself in all directions”.
The Five Wisdoms “emerge through a transformation (parāvṛtti) of the eight consciousnesses at the moment of enlightenment”.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Five_wisdoms#Five_Wisdoms

Four Dharmadhatu
Huayan teaches the Four Dharmadhātu, four ways to view reality:

All dharmas are seen as particular separate events;
All events are an expression of the absolute;
Events and essence interpenetrate;
All events interpenetrate.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huayan#Four_Dharmadhatu

Four ways of knowing
See also: Four Dharmadhatu and Five Wisdoms
Asanga, one of the main proponents of Yogacara, introduced the idea of four ways of knowing: the perfection of action, observing knowing, universal knowing, and great mirror knowing. He relates these to the Eight Consciousnesses:

The five senses are connected to the perfection of action,
Samjna (cognition) is connected to observing knowing,
Manas (mind) is related to universal knowing,
Alaya-vijnana is connected to great mirror knowing.
In time, these ways of knowing were also connected to the doctrine of the three bodies of the Buddha (Dharmakāya, Sambhogakāya and Nirmanakaya), together forming the “Yuishiki doctrine”.

Hakuin related these four ways of knowing to four gates on the Buddhist path: the Gate of Inspiration, the Gate of Practice, the Gate of Awakening, and the Gate of Nirvana.

The Gate of Inspiration is initial awakening, kensho, seeing into one’s true nature.
The Gate of Practice is the purification of oneself by continuous practice.
The Gate of Awakening is the study of the ancient masters and the Buddhist sutras, to deepen the insight into the Buddhist teachings, and acquire the skills needed to help other sentient beings on the Buddhist path to awakening.
The Gate of Nirvana is the “ultimate liberation”, “knowing without any kind of defilement”.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hakuin_Ekaku#Four_ways_of_knowing

The four stages of enlightenment in Theravada Buddhism are the four progressive stages culminating in full enlightenment as an Arahat.

These four stages are Sotapanna, Sakadagami, Anāgāmi, and Arahant. The Buddha referred to people who are at one of these four stages as noble people (ariya-puggala) and the community of such persons as the noble sangha (ariya-sangha).

The teaching of the four stages of enlightenment is a central element of the early Buddhist schools, including the Theravada school of Buddhism, which still survives.

Path and Fruit:

A Stream-enterer (Sotapanna) is free from:

1. Identity view
2. Attachment to rites and rituals
3. Doubt about the teachings
A Once-returner (Sakadagami) has greatly attenuated:

4. Sensual desire
5. Ill will
A Non-returner (Anāgāmi) is free from:

4. Sensual desire
5. Ill will
An Arahant is free from all of the five lower fetters and the five higher fetters, which are:

6. Craving for prosperity in the material world
7. Craving for existence in the ideal world (heaven)
8. Conceit
9. Restlessness
10. Ignorance
The Sutta Pitaka classifies the four levels according to the levels’ attainments. In the Sthaviravada and Theravada traditions, which teach that progress in understanding comes all at once, and that ‘insight’ (abhisamaya) does not come ‘gradually’ (successively – anapurva),”[4] this classification is further elaborated, with each of the four levels described as a path to be attained suddenly, followed by the realisation of the fruit of the path.

The process of becoming an Arahat is therefore characterized by four distinct and sudden changes, although in the sutras it says that the path has a gradual development, with gnosis only after a long stretch, just as the ocean has a gradual shelf, a gradual inclination with a sudden drop only after a long stretch. The Mahasanghika had the doctrine of ekaksana-citt, “according to which a Buddha knows everything in a single thought-instant” (Gomez 1991, p. 69). The same stance is taken in Chan Buddhism, although the Chán school harmonized this point of view with the need for gradual training after the initial insight.[citation needed] This “gradual training” is expressed in teachings as the Five ranks of enlightenment, Ten Ox-Herding Pictures which detail the steps on the Path, The Three mysterious Gates of Linji, and the Four Ways of Knowing of Hakuin. The same stance is taken in the contemporary Vipassana movement, especially the so-called “New Burmese Method”.[5]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_stages_of_enlightenment#Path_and_Fruit

 

The Four Noble Truths refer to and express the basic orientation of Buddhism in a short expression: we crave and cling to impermanent states and things,which are dukkha, “incapable of satisfying” and painful. This craving keeps us caught in samsara,the endless cycle of repeated rebirth and dying again, and the dukkha that comes with it. There is, however, a way to end this cycle,namely by attaining nirvana, cessation of craving, whereafter rebirth and associated dukkha will no longer arise again.This can be accomplished by following the eightfold path,restraining oneself, cultivating discipline, and practicing mindfulness and meditation.

In short form, the four truths are dukkha, samudaya (“arising,” “coming together”), nirodha (“cessation,” “confinement”), and magga, the path leading to cessation. As the “Four Noble Truths” (Sanskrit: catvāri āryasatyāni; Pali: cattāri ariyasaccāni), they are “the truths of the Noble Ones,”the truths or realities which are understood by the “worthy ones” who have attained nirvana.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Noble_Truths

Seven sets of thirty-seven qualities

In the Pali Canon‘s Bhāvanānuyutta sutta (“Mental Development Discourse,”[3] AN 7.67), the Buddha is recorded as saying:

‘Monks, although a monk who does not apply himself to the meditative development of his mind may wish, “Oh, that my mind might be free from the taints by non-clinging!”, yet his mind will not be freed. For what reason? “Because he has not developed his mind,” one has to say. Not developed it in what? In the four foundations of mindfulness, the four right kinds of striving, the four bases of success, the five spiritual faculties, the five spiritual powers, the seven factors of enlightenment and the Noble Eightfold Path.’[4]

Elsewhere in the Canon,[5] and in numerous places in the āgamas of other early schools,[6] these seven sets of thirty-seven qualities conducive to Enlightenment are enumerated as:

Four establishments of mindfulness

  1. Mindfulness of the body (kāyānupassanā, S. kayānupasthāna)
  2. Mindfulness of feelings (vedanānupassanā, S. vedanānupasthāna)
  3. Mindfulness of mental states (cittānupassanā, S. cittanupasthāna)
  4. Mindfulness of mental qualities (dhammānupassanā, S. dharmanupasthāna)

Four right exertions

  1. Exertion for the preventing of unskillful states to arise
  2. Exertion for the abandoning of the already arisen unskillful states
  3. Exertion for the arising of skillful states
  4. Exertion for the sustaining and increasing of arisen skillful states

Four bases of power

  1. Will (chanda, S. chanda)
  2. Energy (viriya, S. virya)
  3. Consciousness (citta, S. citta)
  4. Examination (vīmaṁsa or vīmaŋsā, S. mimāṃsā)

Five faculties

  1. Conviction[7] (saddhā, S. śraddā)
  2. Energy (viriya, s. virya)
  3. Mindfulness (sati, S. smṛti)
  4. Unification (samādhi, S. samādhi)
  5. Wisdom (paññā, S. prajñā)

Five powers

  1. Conviction (saddhā, S. śraddā)
  2. Energy (viriya, S. virya)
  3. Mindfulness (sati, S. smṛti)
  4. Unification (samādhi, S. samādhi)
  5. Wisdom (paññā, S. prajñā)

Seven factors of Enlightenment

  1. Mindfulness (sati, S. smṛti)
  2. Investigation (dhamma vicaya, S. dharmapravicaya)
  3. Energy (viriya, S. virya)
  4. Joy (pīti, S. prīti)
  5. Tranquillity (passaddhi, S. praśrabdhi)
  6. Unification (samādhi, S. samādhi)
  7. Equanimity (upekkhā, S. upekṣā)

Noble Eightfold Path

  1. Right Understanding (sammā diṭṭhi, S. samyag-dṛṣṭi)
  2. Right Intention (sammā saṅkappa, S. samyak-saṃkalpa)
  3. Right Speech (sammā vācā, S. samyag-vāc)
  4. Right Action (sammā kammanta, S. samyak-karmānta)
  5. Right Livelihood (sammā ājīva, S. samyag-ājīva)
  6. Right Energy (sammā vāyāma, S. samyag-vyāyāma)
  7. Right Mindfulness (sammā sati, S. samyak-smṛti)
  8. Right Unification (sammā samādhi, S. samyak-samādhi)

 

Arahant(Arhat) vs Arihant

Arhat

Theravada Buddhism defines arhat (Sanskrit) or arahant (Pali) as “one who is worthy”[1] or as a “perfected person”[1][2] having attained nirvana.[2][1] Other Buddhist traditions have used the term for people far advanced along the path of Enlightenment, but who may not have reached full Buddhahood.[3]

The understanding of the concept has changed over the centuries, and varies between different schools of Buddhism and different regions. A range of views on the attainment of arhats existed in the early Buddhist schools. The SarvāstivādaKāśyapīyaMahāsāṃghikaEkavyāvahārikaLokottaravādaBahuśrutīyaPrajñaptivāda, and Caitika schools all regarded arhats as imperfect in their attainments compared to buddhas.[4][5][6]

Mahayana Buddhist teachings urge followers to take up the path of a bodhisattva, and to not fall back to the level of arhats and śrāvakas.[7] The arhats, or at least the senior arhats, came to be widely regarded[by whom?] as “moving beyond the state of personal freedom to join the Bodhisattva enterprise in their own way”.[3]

Mahayana Buddhism regarded a group of Eighteen Arhats (with names and personalities) as awaiting the return of the Buddha as Maitreya, and other groupings of 6, 8, 16, 100, and 500 also appear in tradition and Buddhist art, especially in East Asia.[8] They can be seen as the Buddhist equivalents of the Christian saints, apostles or early disciples and leaders of the faith.[8]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arhat

Arihant (Jainism)

Gommateshwara statue dedicated to Arihant Bahubali

Arihant (Magadhi Prakritअरिहन्त arihantSanskritअर्हत árhat “conqueror”) or jina, is a soul who has conquered inner passions such as attachment, anger, pride and greed.[1] Arihant are also called kevalins (omniscient beings) as they possess Kevala Jnana (pure infinite knowledge).[2][3] An arihant is also called a Jina “conqueror”. At the end of their life, arihants destroy all four gathiya karmas and attain moksha(liberation) and become siddha (liberated soul). The Ṇamōkāra mantra, the fundamental prayer dedicated to Pañca-Parameṣṭhi (five supreme beings), begins with Ṇnamō arihantāṇnamṁ, “Obeisance to the arihants”.

Kevalī (omniscient beings) are said to be of two kinds[2]

  1. Tirthankara kevalī: 24 human spiritual guides who after attaining omniscience teach the path to salvation.[4]
  2. Sāmānya kevalī: Kevalī who are concerned with their own liberation.

Overview

According to Jains, every soul has the potential to become arihant. A soul which destroys all kashayas or inner enemies like anger, ego, deception, and greed – responsible for the perpetuation of ignorance – becomes an Arihant.[1] According to Jain texts, omniscience is attained on the destruction of the deluding, the knowledge-obscuring, the perception-obscuring and the obstructive karmas, in the order mentioned.[5] The Arihant are said to be free from the following eighteen imperfections:[6]

  1. janma – (re)birth;
  2. jarā – old-age;
  3. triśā – thirst;
  4. kśudhā – hunger;
  5. vismaya – astonishment;
  6. arati – displeasure;
  7. kheda – regret;
  8. roga – sickness;
  9. śoka – grief;
  10. mada – pride;
  11. moha – delusion;
  12. bhaya – fear;
  13. nidrā – sleep;
  14. cintā – anxiety;
  15. sveda – perspiration;
  16. rāga – attachment;
  17. dveśa – aversion; and
  18. maraņa – death.

Omniscience

In Jainism, omniscience is said to be the infinite, all-embracing knowledge that reflects, as it were in a mirror, all substances and their infinite modes, extending through the past, the present and the future.[7] According to Jain texts, omniscience is the natural attribute of the pure souls. The self-attaining omniscience becomes a kevalī.

The four infinitudes (ananta chatushtaya) are:[6]

  1. ananta jñāna, infinite knowledge
  2. ananta darśana, perfect perception due to the destruction of all darshanavarniya karmas.
  3. ananta sukha, infinite bliss; and
  4. ananta vīrya – infinite energy.

Tirthankaras

Image of Vardhaman Mahāvīra, the 24th and last tirthankara of present half time cycle

Those Arihants who re-establish the Jain faith are called Tirthankaras. Tirthankaras revitalize the sangha, the fourfold order consisting of male saints (sādhus), female saints (sādhvis), male householders (śrāvaka) and female householders (Śrāvika).

The first Tirthankara of the current time cycle was R̥ṣabhadēva, and the twenty-fourth and last Tirthankara was Mahavira, who lived from 599 BCE to 527 BCE.

Jain texts mention forty-six attributes of arihants or tirthankaras. These attributes comprise four infinitudes (ananta chatushtaya), thirty-four miraculous happenings (atiśaya), and eight splendours (prātihārya).[6]

The eight splendours (prātihārya) are:[8]

  1. aśoka vrikśa – the Ashoka tree;
  2. siṃhāsana– bejeweled throne;
  3. chatra – three-tier canopy;
  4. bhāmadal – halo of unmatched luminance;
  5. divya dhvani – divine voice of the Lord without lip movement;
  6. puśpa-varśā – shower of fragrant flowers;
  7. camara – waving of sixty-four majestic hand-fans; and
  8. dundubhi – dulcet sound of kettle-drums and other musical instruments.

Liberation

At the time of nirvana (final release), the arihant sheds off the remaining four aghati karmas:

  1. Nam (physical structure forming) Karma
  2. Gotra (status forming) Karma,
  3. Vedniya (pain and pleasure causing) Karma,
  4. Ayushya (life span determining) Karma.

These four karmas do not affect the true nature of the soul and are therefore called aghati karmas. After attaining salvation from these arihants become siddhas.

Worship

Hathigumpha inscription of King Khāravela at Udayagiri Caves, 2nd Century BCE, starts with Namokar Mantra

In the Namokara Mantra, Namo Arihantanam, Namo Siddhanam, Jains worship the arihants first and then to the siddhas even though the latter are perfected souls who have destroyed all karmas and are considered to be at a higher spiritual stage than arihants. Since siddhashave attained ultimate liberation, they are not accessible. However arihants are accessible for spiritual guidance to human society until their nirvana.

Dravyasaṃgraha, a major Jain text mentions:

Having destroyed the four inimical varieties of karmas (ghātiyā karmas), possessed of infinite faith, happiness, knowledge and power, and housed in most auspicious body (paramaudārika śarīra), that pure soul of the World Teacher (Arhat) should be meditated on.

— Dravyasaṃgraha (50)[9]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arihant_(Jainism)

 

God in Jainism

In Jainism, godliness is said to be the inherent quality of every soul. This quality however is subdued by the soul’s association with karmic matter. All souls who have achieved the natural state of infinite bliss, infinite knowledge (kevala jnana), infinite power and infinite perception are regarded as ‘God in Jainism’. Jainism rejects the idea of a creator deity responsible for the manifestation, creation, or maintenance of this universe. According to Jain doctrine, the universe and its constituents (soul, matter, space, time, and principles of motion) have always existed. All the constituents and actions are governed by universal natural laws and perfect soul, an immaterial entity cannot create or affect a material entity like the universe.[1]

Five supreme beings

Stella depicting Pañca-Parameṣṭhi(five supreme beings) worthy of veneration as per Jainism

In Jainism, the Pañca-Parameṣṭhi (Sanskrit for “five supreme beings”) are a fivefold hierarchy of religious authorities worthy of veneration. The five supreme beings are:

  1. Arihant
  2. Siddha
  3. Acharya (Head of the monastic order)
  4. Upadhyaya (“Preceptor of less advanced ascetics”)
  5. Muni or Jain monks

Arihant

A human being who conquers all inner passions and possesses infinite right knowledge (Kevala Jnana) is revered as an arihant in Jainism.[5]They are also called Jinas (conquerors) or Kevalin (omniscient beings). An arihant is a soul who has destroyed all passions, is totally unattached and without any desire and hence is able to destroy the four ghātiyā karmas and attain kevala jñāna, or omniscience. Such a soul still has a body and four aghātiyā karmasArihantas, at the end of their human life-span, destroys all remaining aghātiyā karmas and attain Siddhahood. There are two kinds of kevalin or arihant:[6]

  • Sāmānya Kevalin–Ordinary victors, who are concerned with their own salvation.
  • Tirthankara Kevalin–Twenty-four human spiritual guides (teaching gods), who show the true path to salvation.[7]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/God_in_Jainism#Arihant

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/God_in_Jainism

 

Siddha

Siddha (Tamil ‘Great thinker/wise man’, Sanskrit, “perfected one”) is a term that is used widely in Indian religions and culture. It means “one who is accomplished”.[1][2] It refers to perfected masters who have achieved a high degree of physical as well as spiritual perfection or enlightenment. In Jainism, the term is used to refer the liberated souls. Siddha may also refer to one who has attained a siddhi, paranormal capabilities.

Siddhas may broadly refer to siddharsnathsasceticssadhus, or yogis because they all practice sādhanā.[3]

The Svetasvatara (II.12) presupposes a ‘Siddha body.[4]

Jainism

Although the siddhas (the liberated beings) are formless and without a body, this is how the Jain temples often depict them.

Siddhashila (the realm of the liberated beings) according to Jain cosmology

In Jainism, the term siddha is used to refer the liberated souls who have destroyed all karmas and have obtained moksha.[5] They are free from the transmigratory cycle of birth and death (saṃsāra) and are above Arihantas (omniscient beings). Siddhas do not have a body; they are soul in its purest form. They reside in the Siddhashila, which is situated at the top of the Universe.[6] They are formless and have no passions and therefore are free from all temptations. They do not have any karmas and they do not collect any new karmas.

According to Jains, Siddhas have eight specific characteristics or qualities. Ancient Tamil Jain Classic ‘Choodamani Nigandu’ describes the eight characteristics in a poem, which is given below.[7]

“கடையிலா ஞானத்தோடு காட்சி வீரியமே இன்ப
மிடையுறு நாமமின்மை விதித்த கோத்திரங்களின்மை
அடைவிலா ஆயுஇன்மை அந்தராயங்கள் இன்மை
உடையவன் யாவன் மற்று இவ்வுலகினுக்கு இறைவனாமே”

“The soul that has infinite knowledge (Ananta jnāna, கடையிலா ஞானம்), infinite vision or wisdom (Ananta darshana, கடையிலா காட்சி), infinite power (Ananta labdhi, கடையிலா வீரியம்), infinite bliss (Ananta sukha, கடையிலா இன்பம்), without name (Akshaya sthiti, நாமமின்மை), without association to any caste (Being vitāraga, கோத்திரமின்மை), infinite life span (Being arupa, ஆயுள் இன்மை) and without any change (Aguruladhutaa, அழியா இயல்பு) is God.”

The following table summarizes the eight supreme qualities of a liberated soul.[8]

Quality Meaning Manifestation
Kśāyika samyaktva infinite faith or belief in the tattvas or essential principles of reality manifested on the destruction of the faith-deluding (darśana mohanīya) karma
Kevala Jnāna infinite knowledge on the destruction of the knowledge-obscuring (jnānāvarnīya) karma.
Kevaladarśana infinite perception on the destruction of the perception-obscuring (darśanāvarnīya) karma
Anantavīrya infinite power on the destruction of the obstructive (antarāya) karma
Sūksmatva fineness manifested on the destruction of the life- determining (āyuh) karma
Avagāhan inter-penetrability manifested on the destruction of the name-determining (nāma) karma
Agurulaghutva literally, neither heavy nor light manifested on the destruction of the status-determining (gotra) karma
Avyābādha undisturbed, infinite bliss manifested on the destruction of the feeling-producing (vedanīya) karma

Because of the quality of Sūksmatva, the liberated soul is beyond sense-perception and its knowledge of the substances is direct, without the use of the senses and the mind. The quality of avagāhan means that the liberated soul does not hinder the existence of other such souls in the same space.

A soul after attaining Siddhahood goes to the top of the loka (as per jain cosmology) and stays there till infinity. Siddhas are formless and dwell in Siddhashila with the above mentioned eight qualities.

Thiruvalluvar in his Tamil book Thirukural refers to the eight qualities of God,[9] in one of his couplet poems.

Hinduism

In Hinduism, the first usage of the term Siddha occurs in the Maitreya Upanishad in chapter Adhya III where the writer of the section declares “I am Siddha.”

Siddha or siddhar (Tamil tradition)

In Tamil Nadu, South India, a siddha (see Siddhar) refers to a being who has achieved a high degree of physical as well as spiritual perfection or enlightenment. The ultimate demonstration of this is that siddhas allegedly attained physical immortality. Thus siddha, like siddhar, refers to a person who has realised the goal of a type of sadhana and become a perfected being. In Tamil Nadu, South India, where the siddha tradition is still practiced, special individuals are recognized as and called siddhas (or siddhars or cittars) who are on the path to that assumed perfection after they have taken special secret rasayanas to perfect their bodies, in order to be able to sustain prolonged meditation along with a form of pranayama which considerably reduces the number of breaths they take. Siddha were said to have special powers including flight. These eight powers are collectively known as attamasiddhigal (ashtasiddhi). In Hindu cosmologySiddhaloka is a subtle world (loka) where perfected beings (siddhas) take birth. They are endowed with the eight primary siddhis at birth.

The 18 siddhars are listed below.

  1. Agasthiyar
  2. Kamalamuni
  3. Thirumoolar
  4. Kuthambai
  5. Korakkar
  6. Thanvandri
  7. Konganar
  8. Sattamuni
  9. Vanmeegar
  10. Ramadevar
  11. Nandeeswarar (Nandidevar)
  12. Edaikkadar
  13. Machamuni
  14. Karuvoorar
  15. Bogar
  16. Pambatti Siddhar
  17. Sundarandandar
  18. Patanjali

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siddha#Hinduism

Shaivism

Shaivism (IASTŚaivism) or “Saivam” is one of the major traditions in Hinduism that reveres Shiva as the Supreme Being or its metaphysical concept of Brahman.[1][2][note 1] The followers of Shaivism are called “Shaivites” or “Saivites”.[3] Like much of Hinduism, the Shaiva have many sub-traditions, ranging from devotional dualistic theism such as Shaiva Siddhanta to yoga-oriented monistic non-theism such as Kashmiri Shaivism.[4][5][6] It considers both the Vedas and the Agama texts as important sources of theology.[7][8][9]

Shaivism has ancient roots, traceable in the Vedic literature of 2nd millennium BCE, but this is in the form of the Vedic deity Rudra.[10]The ancient text Shvetashvatara Upanishad dated to late 1st millennium BCE mentions terms such as Rudra, Shiva and Maheshwaram,[11][12] but its interpretation as a theistic or monistic text of Shaivism is disputed.[13][14] In the early centuries of the common era is the first clear evidence of Pāśupata Shaivism.[10] Both devotional and monistic Shaivism became popular in the 1st millennium CE, rapidly becoming the dominant religious tradition of many Hindu kingdoms.[10] It arrived in Southeast Asia shortly thereafter, leading to thousands of Shaiva temples on the islands of Indonesia as well as Cambodia and Vietnam, co-evolving with Buddhism in these regions.[15][16] In the contemporary era, Shaivism is one of the major aspects of Hinduism.[10]

Shaivism theology ranges from Shiva being the creator, preserver, destroyer to being the same as the Atman (self, soul) within oneself and every living being. It is closely related to Shaktism, and some Shaiva worship in Shiva and Shakti temples.[6] It is the Hindu tradition that most accepts ascetic life and emphasizes yoga, and like other Hindu traditions encourages an individual to discover and be one with Shiva within.[4][5][17] Shaivism is one of the largest traditions within Hinduism.[18][19]

Overview

The reverence for Shiva is one of the pan-Hindu traditions, found widely across India, Sri Lanka and Nepal.[28][29] While Shiva is revered broadly, Hinduism itself is a complex religion and a way of life, with a diversity of ideas on spirituality and traditions. It has no ecclesiastical order, no unquestionable religious authorities, no governing body, no prophet(s) nor any binding holy book; Hindus can choose to be polytheistic, pantheistic, monotheistic, monistic, agnostic, atheistic or humanist.[30][31][32]

Shaivism is a major tradition within Hinduism, with a theology that is predominantly related to the Hindu god Shiva. Shaivism has many different sub-traditions with regional variations and differences in philosophy.[33] Shaivism has a vast literature with different philosophical schools, ranging from nondualismdualism, and mixed schools.[34]

Yoga movements

Many Shaiva temples present Shiva in yoga pose.

Yoga and meditation has been an integral part of Shaivism, and it has been a major innovator of techniques such as those of Hatha Yoga.[267][268][269] Many major Shiva temples and Shaiva tritha (pilgrimage) centers depict anthropomorphic iconography of Shiva as a giant statue wherein Shiva is a loner yogi meditating,[270] as do Shaiva texts.[271]

In several Shaiva traditions such as the Kashmir Shaivism, anyone who seeks personal understanding and spiritual growth has been called a Yogi. The Shiva Sutras (aphorisms) of Shaivism teach yoga in many forms. According to Mark Dyczkowski, yoga – which literally means “union” – to this tradition has meant the “realisation of our true inherent nature which is inherently greater than our thoughts can ever conceive”, and that the goal of yoga is to be the “free, eternal, blissful, perfect, infinite spiritually conscious” one is.[272]

Many Yoga-emphasizing Shaiva traditions emerged in medieval India, who refined yoga methods such as by introducing Hatha Yoga techniques. One such movement had been the Nath Yogis, a Shaivism sub-tradition that integrated philosophy from Advaita Vedanta and Buddhism traditions. It was founded by Matsyendranathand further developed by Gorakshanath.[273][220][221] The texts of these Yoga emphasizing Hindu traditions present their ideas in Shaiva context.[note 7]

Hindu performance arts

Shiva is the lord of dance and dramatic arts in Hinduism.[275][276][277] This is celebrated in Shaiva temples as Nataraja, which typically shows Shiva dancing in one of the poses in the ancient Hindu text on performance arts called the Natya Shastra.[276][278][279]

Dancing Shiva as a metaphor for celebrating life and arts is very common in ancient and medieval Hindu temples. For example, it is found in Badami cave templesEllora CavesKhajurahoChidambaram and others. The Shaiva link to the performance arts is celebrated in Indian classical dances such as Bharatanatyam and Chhau.[280][281][282]

Buddhism

Buddhism and Shaivism have interacted and influenced each other since ancient times, in both South Asia and Southeast Asia. Their Siddhas and esoteric traditions, in particular, have overlapped to an extent where Buddhists and Hindus would worship in the same temple such as in the Seto Machindranath. In southeast Asia, the two traditions were not presented in competitive or polemical terms, rather as two alternate paths that lead to the same goals of liberation, with theologians disagreeing which of these is faster and simpler.[283] Scholars disagree whether a syncretic tradition emerged from Buddhism and Shaivism, or it was a coalition with free borrowing of ideas, but they agree that the two traditions co-existed peacefully.[284]

The earliest evidence of a close relationship between Shaivism and Buddhism comes from the archaeological sites and damaged sculptures from the northwest Indian subcontinent, such as Gandhara. These are dated to about the 1st-century CE, with Shiva depicted in Buddhist arts.[285][note 8] The Buddhist Avalokiteshvara is linked to Shiva in many of these arts,[286] but in others Shiva is linked to Bodhisattva Maitreya with he shown as carrying his own water pot like Vedic priests.[285] According to Richard Blurton, the ancient works show that the Bodhisattva of Compassion in Buddhism has many features in common with Shiva in Shaivism.[286] The Shaiva Hindu and Buddhist syncretism continues in the contemporary era in the island of Bali, Indonesia.[287] In Central Asian Buddhism, and its historic arts, syncretism and a shared expression of Shaivism, Buddhism and Tantra themes has been common.[288]

The syncretism between Buddhism and Shaivism was particularly marked in southeast Asia, but this was not unique, rather it was a common phenomenon also observed in the eastern regions of the Indian subcontinent, the south and the Himalayan regions.[76] This tradition continues in predominantly Hindu Bali Indonesia in the modern era, where Buddha is considered the younger brother of Shiva.[76][note 9] In the pre-Islamic Java, Shaivism and Buddhism were considered very close and allied religions, though not identical religions.[290][note 10] This idea is also found in the sculptures and temples in the eastern states of India and the Himalayan region. For example, Hindu temples in these regions show Harihara (half Shiva, half Vishnu) flanked by a standing Buddha on its right and a standing Surya (Hindu Sun god) on left.[292][293]

On major festivals of Bali Hindus, such as the Nyepi – a “festival of silence”, the observations are officiated by both Buddhist and Shaiva priests.[76][294][295]

Jainism

Jainism co-existed with Shaiva culture since ancient times, particularly in western and southern India where it received royal support from Hindu kings of Chaulukya, Ganga and Rashtrakuta dynasties.[296] In late 1st millennium CE, Jainism too developed a Shaiva-like tantric ritual culture with Mantra-goddesses.[296][297] These Jain rituals were aimed at mundane benefits using japas (mantra recitation) and making offerings into Homa fire.[296]

According to Alexis Sanderson, the link and development of Shaiva goddesses into Jaina goddess is more transparent than a similar connection between Shaivism and Buddhism.[298]The 11th-century Jain text ‘’Bhairavapadmavatikalpa’’, for example, equates Padmavati of Jainism with Tripura-bhairavi of Shaivism and Shaktism. Among the major goddesses of Jainism that are rooted in Hindu pantheon, particularly Shaiva, include Lakshmi and Vagishvari (Sarasvati) of the higher world in Jain cosmology, Vidyadevis of the middle world, and Yakshis such as Ambika, Cakreshvari, Padmavati and Jvalamalini of the lower world according to Jainism.[296]

Shaiva-Shakti iconography is found in major Jain temples. For example, the Osian temple of Jainism near Jodhpur features Chamunda, Durga, Sitala and a naked Bhairava.[299] While Shaiva and Jain practices had considerable overlap, the interaction between Jain community and Shaiva community differed on the acceptance of ritual animal sacrifices before goddesses. Jain remained strictly vegetarian and avoided animal sacrifice, while Shaiva accepted the practice.[300]

Rigveda

The Rigveda (Sanskritऋग्वेद ṛgveda, from ṛc “praise, shine”[1] and veda “knowledge”) is an ancient Indian collection of Vedic Sanskrithymns. It is one of the four canonical sacred texts (śruti) of Hinduism known as the Vedas.[2][3] The text is a collection of 1,028 hymns and 10,600 verses, organized into ten books (Mandalas).[4] A good deal of the language is still obscure and many hymns as a consequence seem unintelligible.[5][6][7]

The hymns are dedicated to Rigvedic deities.[4] For each deity series the hymns progress from longer to shorter ones; and the number of hymns per book increases.[2] In the eight books that were composed the earliest, the hymns predominantly discuss cosmology and praise deities.[8][9] Books 1 and 10, which were added last, deal with philosophical or speculative[9] questions about the origin of the universe and the nature of god,[10] the virtue of dāna (charity) in society,[11] and other metaphysical issues in its hymns.[12]

Rigveda is one of the oldest extant texts in any Indo-European language.[13] Philological and linguistic evidence indicate that the Rigveda was composed in the north-western region of the Indian subcontinent, most likely between c. 1500 and 1200 BC,[14][15][16] though a wider approximation of c. 1700–1100 BC has also been given.[17][18][note 1]

Some of its verses continue to be recited during Hindu rites of passage celebrations such as weddings and religious prayers, making it probably the world’s oldest religious text in continued use.[22][23]

As for a good translation and a library of texts, for Rigveda, here:

http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rigveda/

Also, more sources for the vedas, here:

http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/#vedas

 

 

Measures to improve each country and The World

Just Worldview

Africa
-Get more goods and services out there, issue debt, create markets that enable trade, ranging from food, commodities, etc.
-Essentially attempt to create Second to First World Country infrastructure, using debt, maybe donations, but mostly exporting technology and infrastructure and knowledge from countries with First World Country infrastructure

China
-unban the tai chi teachings known as Falun Gong and Falun Dafa and, regarding this, allow the teachings of tai chi to be unbanned, call it ‘Law Wheel Practice’ in English, if you don’t like the name ‘Falun Dafa’ or ‘Falun Gong’ , and of course leave alone any dissidents practicing these methods of tai chi, or any other methods
-also, about the Law wheel, (sauwastika), it needs to not be restricted in any way in Tai Chi practice, Falun Gong, Falun Dafa, or ‘Law Wheel Practice’.
But, at the same time, restricting the proliferation of the symbol sauwastika by…

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WorldView: The World

Just Worldview

WorldView for all countries

Description: All the articles posted before in one single article

Factors that go into comparison:

Media:
-Average Mainstream Media: liberal tone, corrupt, lying, hypocrite. All Countries in the world have this version of media, with different peculiarities to fit with their culture. Those don’t practice journalism, but prostitution to the highest bidder.
-Alternate Media: exists only on the Internet or in some rare Radio shows or TV Channels, but usually it’s restricted to the Internet. Generally active in US and some other countries. That is the only real Journalism, that brings good arguments and tells the truth and speaks their mind on things that are unjust. While there may be some subversive alternate media out there doing the agenda of the ones who control average msm, through distraction, generally there is alternate media that does a good job

Infrastructure:
-Any City infrastructure it is only…

View original post 3,067 more words

May the Tao be with you! -A recap since the beginning of this blog

Let’s start with the best and the most fundamental ways of the Universe.

That is, Tao Te Ching, also well seen in the first article of this blog, Tao Te Ching.

Tao Te Ching, translated Way of Virtue, stands as the solid base regarding what Virtue is. It adds up and completes the posts that explain the Cardinal Virtues, among other things.

From here on, a summary of the best articles with a small description attached to them:

  •  The Galaxy is so big, and carelessness will cost us the Universe , starts with expanding our awareness regarding the size of the Universe, then explains all possible theories, from best to worst, starting from politics to further stretch some key views into exopolitics.
  •  What if? and The Death Cults , explains how deep some traditions go, and how easily can be seen as manipulation, deception, with good emphasis on the system as a whole, that sometimes goes from deception disguised as happiness and hope to what it really can be, and that is a structure that propagates death
  • The posts after this, range from the topic of Ancient Aliens to a Planet with the size as big as Jupiter that can do a pole shift. The two topics collide, by being connected with this Planet X, or Nibiru. There is also the subject of exopolitics for the next hundred of years, with key points explained here(Potential timelines). Links for Ancient Aliens here, here and here, and for Planet Nine or Planet X, here, here, and here.
  • After this, posts are reviews or comments for articles from different websites and their latest news feed. Out of this, the notable comments articles from here and here are great.
  • The Way and the Virtues, is a very good article that explains and compares virtues and their attributes.
  • Justice and the Universe, A Just Education and Sharing of Information and Derivative Constructs and Real Value, explain in clear terms, how and why the Universe, the more it is Just, the more real progress there is, because Justice, as balance, makes sure that Life exists, and without Justice, there is only stagnation and death, and the second and third articles explain both how the system needs to be, starting from the education system, and then how the general blueprint for the current system is based on debt, and how it really needs to use and never forget fundamentals, because society, as it is, has gone so much into derivative constructs that it lost it’s core identity, both the population in general and most individuals in it.
  • True Hope and a closer look regarding what’s to come, and The Book of Enoch, while the first article looks a bit painted with a polarizing attitude(after all it is a comment), it explains both that, True Hope is not Hope as seen by everyday persons(which gives incentive for laziness), but one that knows that regardless of how much or how less you work for doing the best outcome, the help received can look either good or bad to the individual, and that is according to their actions, be it just and unjust. Then, the Book of Enoch, simply stands as a testament and proving the facts and assumptions from the articles “Galaxy is so big…” and “Justice and the Universe“. And the book was read after the articles regarding Galaxy and Justice were published. In a way, it is proving the information of those two articles, and that can be considered a very good moment of my life to experience.

Thus, my favorite two books so far in my Life are The Book of Enoch and Tao Te Ching.

Enoch was a man that walked with God, and God took him, and Lao Tzu was a man, that by himself, went to Heaven, and also took a disciple with him.

These are the highlights of this blog so far.

While the future is not written in stone, certain laws make some assumptions and scenarios a certainty.

What is beyond Tao, I do not know.

Wondering what is beyond Tao, gives only one answer. Achieve the Tao first.

To go in it’s opposite direction, it is just a deviation into Manifestations. It will only end in stagnation.

When you reached the points of being aware of the Highest and the Lowest, you realize that it is a game of awareness that pushes back and forth, and you can’t go too low without facing the high, and you can’t go too high without taking the low with you.

It feels either like a trap, or a One Way direction.

And One Way it seems to be. And as hard as it can be, the only solution  is to reach Higher Truths, or put simply, To Complete the Vision that forms current Truth, while at the same time be active in helping to spread the Tao.

Prudence and Temperance (The Awareness being aware of itself) with Determination and Justice(The Awareness in action, applying it’s principles) seems to be showing the Way, just as Tao Te Ching makes you aware of the Tao.

May the Tao be with you!

Etheric Implants(if they’re real) and synthetic AI’s(if they’re real too)

https://lovetruthsite.wordpress.com/2017/04/18/eric-raines-etheric-implants-a-must-read/comment-page-1/#comment-1903

Not sure how real this is. The main issue is that it cannot be proven by current technology, and thus easily dismissed as a theory.
If it is indeed real, the issue of both proving it, that it’s true and getting rid of such influence makes it close to impossible. As it’s stated, the best idea is to not succumb to ‘dark emotions’, as to not ‘feed’, whatever that thing is.
But that needs a very good mindset, as to have the ’emotions educated’ into a good mindset.
As for finding the mindset, in my case it started with the virtues and studying a lot of philosophy to get there…

If ‘etheric implants’ are real, the next question is, will next generations that come after us will be more vulnerable and affected, or not? And what are the decisive factors that increases the ‘vulnerability’?
And if there is justice, won’t these go away? Or is it because of lack of justice that these appear?

Anyways those are my thoughts. Thank you for the articles.

https://lovetruthsite.wordpress.com/2017/04/18/how-are-dark-archontic-entities-working-through-humans-to-control-earth/comment-page-1/#comment-1901

If you want to talk about ‘goo’ gle, you can add the conspiracy theory about the ‘black goo’:
http://beforeitsnews.com/conspiracy-theories/2015/12/black-goo-most-mysterious-substance-is-a-demonic-living-intelligent-liquid-crystal-2472924.html

Not sure if the name ‘goo’-‘gle’ is just a coincidence.
Though the way it becomes invasive may make it a self-fulfilling prophecy.

Here it is, black goo, a 1982 Artificial intelligence:

Source: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/ciencia_artificialhumans77.htm

 

by Alfred Lambremont Webre

November 2015

from NewsInsideOut Website

Spanish version

Exposing Predatory Pathogenic Off-Planet

AI Artificial Intelligence

–   Restoring Love sourced Humanity – A Multi-Part Symposium   –

PART I
November 01, 2015

VANCOUVER, BC

Part I of Three-Part Symposium Exposing Sentient, Off-planet Predatory, Pathogenic AI Artificial Intelligence and offering Soul and Love-based solutions for restoring an increasingly robotized human society.

The Symposium is publicly accessible at no charge as a public service at the following participating websites:


AI ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SYMPOSIA – PARTICIPATING WEBSITES:

Working from a seventy-seven-page Power Point presentation that is the combined work of,

  • Alfred Lambremont Webre

  • Christine Anderson

  • Jeffrey Sewell (The Metabiologist)

  • Claudia Ayaz,

…we have recorded close to ten hours of discussion that will be presented in three parts.

The beauty of presenting a field of information from multiple view points is not only that it provides the listener with a more comprehensive study, it also allows for the surprise of new revelations and insights to emerge in the moment.

The history of “The Agenda of Transhumanism” is a plague that we can trace back to our ancient past that is now showing itself in the current era with,

In other words, in a stealth like manner, hidden in plain sight, we are hosting an entity that is soulless and inorganic in its predatory nature.



1982 Falklands War was fought over

AI Artificial Intelligence Black Goo

“If you know the enemy and know yourself,

you need not fear the result of a hundred battles.

If you know yourself but not the enemy,

for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat.

If you know neither the enemy nor yourself,

you will succumb in every battle.”

Sun Tzu

The Art of War


Deepening into the wisdom of the above statement is needed more than ever, for we have a pathogenic entity that to not know is at the peril of every living being.

Taking on this subject is one we feel merits the full confrontational force of consciousness; if we don’t understand the implications, if we turn away from this, we will become the subservient species on Planet Earth for an agenda that is parasitical and ultimately destructive by its very nature.

We start our series with Part I, which brings in Alfred Webre’s overview of forty years within the world of Exopolitics, the shock he felt when waking up to the reality of the sentient black goo‘s presence and his dedication to helping Humankind wake up and discover solutions.

PART II

November 12, 2015

In Parts II and III Jeffrey Sewell leads the discussion with the introduction of Metabiology, the science of As above, so below in the Metamystical relationship of Humankind with their place in the Cosmos.

A very large subject matter that brings into our collective consciousnesses just how we are in every sense of the meaning co-creators.

Christine and Claudia bring to the symposium their empirical data as planetary healers and Earth Empaths along with a soul-driven impulse for truth – the Truth that as we are able to embrace it sets us Free.

It is the return of the Divine Sovereign, an aspect of our deepest subconscious mind that when touched stirs a longing and Knowing that is the cure and the directional compass for the healing crisis moments in our quadrant of the Universe.

We start our series with Part I, which brings in Alfred Webre’s overview of forty years within the world of Exopolitics, the shock he felt when waking up to the reality of the sentient black goo’s presence and his dedication to helping Humankind wake up and discover solutions.

In future panel discussions we will further explore the flowering consciousness that is Us, the ones we have been waiting for. The subject is vast, for it must take into account the very structure of realities to be fully grasped.

The Rising of Humanity is a Collective Work, one of Honor and Love in service to the Highest Truth we can achieve.

PART III
November 24, 2015


The discussion continues weaving together the tapestry of natural fungus, acari insects and the corollary pattern that the internet is a fungus producing spider-like beings. We go deeper into the field showing how AI as a pathogen mimics biological patterns in an attempt to take over the planet.

In Parts III and IV, we will delved deeper into the science of ‘As above, so below’ and the Metamystical relationship of Humankind with their place in the Cosmos.

A very large subject matter that brings into our collective consciousnesses just how we are in every sense of the meaning co-creators.

PART IV

December 19, 2015


This is Part IV of a Multi-Part Symposium exposing a sentient, invading, off-planet, predatory, pathogenic AI Artificial Intelligence and offering Soul and Love-based solutions for restoring an increasingly robotized human society.

 

Summary

The discussion continues as we go deeper into the field of reality showing how AI as a pathogen mimics biological patterns in an attempt to take over the planet.

SOS: SAVE OUR SOULS… the SOUL-U-TION

As above, so below …

Working from a seventy-seven-page Power Point presentation that is the combined work of Alfred Lambremont Webre, Christine Anderson, Jeffrey Sewell (The Metabiologist) and Claudia Ayaz, we recorded close to ten hours of discussion that is presented in five parts.

We delve more deeply into the science of As above, so below and the Metamystical relationship of Humankind with their place in the Cosmos. A very large subject matter that brings into our collective consciousnesses just how we are in every sense of the meaning co-creators.

Christine and Claudia bring to the symposium their empirical data as planetary healers and Earth Empaths along with a soul-driven impulse for truth – the Truth that as we are able to embrace it sets us Free. It is the return of the Divine Sovereign, an aspect of our deepest subconscious mind that when touched stirs a longing and Knowing that is the cure and the directional compass for the healing crisis moments in our quadrant of the Universe.

The beauty of presenting a field of information from multiple view points is not only that it provides the listener with a more comprehensive study, it also allows for the surprise of new revelations and insights to emerge in the moment.

The history of “The Agenda of Transhumanism” is a plague that we can trace back to our ancient past that is now showing itself in,

In other words, in a stealth like manner, hidden in plain sight, we are hosting an entity that is soulless and inorganic in its predatory nature.

“If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles.

If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.”
Sun Tzu, The Art of War

Deepening into the wisdom of the above statement is needed more than ever, for we have an pathogenic entity that to not know is at the peril of every living being.

Taking on this subject is one we feel merits the full confrontational force of consciousness; if we don’t understand the implications, if we turn away from this, we will become the subservient species on Planet Earth for an agenda that is parasitical and ultimately destructive by its very nature.

The Rising of Humanity is a Collective Work, one of Honor and Love in service to the Highest Truth we can achieve…

Part V

This is the final part of an intensive look into what is Predatory Pathogenic Artificial Intelligence.

Our most sincere gratitude to all who participated, on camera and off. WE are the Soul-U-tion. An awakened conscious, humanity rooted in organic life.

As above, so below.

The Rising of Humanity is a Collective Work, one of Honor and Love in service to the Highest Truth we can achieve…

Contacts

References

AI Artificial Intelligence Symposia – Participating Websites:

Source: http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia2/ciencia_artificialhumans84.htm

by Makia Freeman
May 10, 2016

from TheFreedom-Articles Website

Spanish version



The synthetic agenda is the

over-arching agenda of the

New World Order conspiracy.

Directed by self-aware AI,

it’s supplanting the real with the fake,

and the organic with the inorganic.

The synthetic agenda is the over-arching agenda of the New World Order worldwide conspiracy. 

Think about it – so many aspects of the conspiracy are about supplanting,

  • the real with the fake

  • the organic with the inorganic

  • the carbon with the silicon

  • the biological with the artificial

In the synthetic agenda, everything in our world is being threatened with replacement by an inferior version or fake replica of itself – which sells itself as superior so as to increase the acceptance and assimilation of it. 

As I covered in the series Everything is Fake – Top 40 Pieces of Fakery in Our World, almost everything around us is a facade, fake or fraudulent.

For instance, we have,

  • vaccines, petrochemical drugs and radiation masquerading as “medicine”

  • foreign corporations masquerading as “government”

  • mainstream science masquerading as “knowledge”

  • GMOs masquerading as “food” 

  • fiat paper masquerading as “money”

However, as David Icke in Phantom Self has been saying, the deeper reason is that all these fake things are being created from some sort of virus or distorted force that has hacked the source and digital-genetic code of life itself – and is madly spewing out an inferior version of everything in the only way it knows how.

Ultimately, this force is using the synthetic agenda to entrain us onto its frequency, and transform us into a hybrid species that will no longer be able to be called human.

Synthetic Agenda – Synthetic Boobs, Synthetic Clothes, Synthetic Food

People laugh at how some women go in for a boob job – but how interesting that synthetic boobs are made from silicone implants.

Scratchy synthetic clothes are indicative of the synthetic agenda too. A synthetic material such as nylon is inferior to many natural materials and fibers such as cotton, wool, hemp and silk.

Did you know that so much of our food is full of plastic in so many ways – like when bisphenol rubs off the packaging onto the food, or when China is caught making rice out of plastic!

GMOs/GM food is an obvious example of the synthetic agenda. GMOs are created by what is essentially random gene splicing.

They are largely untested (Monsanto and its Big Biotech cronies deliberately halt clinical trials at around 3 months to cover up the long term damages), require tons of pesticide poison to grow, and constitute a clear assault on our food integrity, yet in the typical arrogant way of the synthetic agenda, they sold to us as superior!

GMOs are a fundamental part of the synthetic agenda, because they change our DNA from the inside out.

Human cloning

has been a reality for a long time.

Synthetic Agenda – Synthetic People Too

Another aspect of the synthetic agenda which is still mostly unknown to the population at large is human cloning. Yes it is real – and it’s happening in DUMBs (Deep Underground Military Bases) as we speak.

There are now a proliferation of videos on YouTube which dive into the subject of synthetic humans, clones and organic roboticssynthetics for short.

In particular, there are many videos showing multiple versions of the alleged same person, especially if that person is famous, such as a movie star or politician.

  • Why are there multiple versions of Oprah, Nicole Kidman and other celebrities with different eyes, noses, ears and facial proportions?

  • Why does Nicki Minaj literally look like a robot?

  • Why has Minaj (and other celebrities such as B.O.B. and Tila Tequila) made reference to cloning centers on social media?

  • Why did insider George Green claim in this 2008 Project Camelot interview (below video) that the US and other governments were given cloning technology by the Greys (alien extraterrestrials) and have been making clones since 1938?

Microsoft recently acquired a company manufacturing synthetic DNA

Transhumanism:

selling enslavement as enhancement.

Transhumanism – The Ultimate Aim of the Synthetic Agenda

The synthetic agenda is not just about making fake versions of everything. It’s coming for you too.

Transhumanism is all about turning the wonderful, natural, biological technology of living organisms into synthetic substitutes, again sold under the pretext of enhancement when it is really aboutenslavement.

When you allow the State and the Corporatocracy that much control over your body, you are signing up for imprisonment, because it will be far easier for outside sources to place you in a frequency prison where they can easily manipulate your energy field, emotions and thoughts through mechanical bodily implants and devices.

Transhumanism is about convincing us to worship technology even more – to the point where we trust it more than ourselves.

Technology is our society’s blindly worshipped god.

The speed at which new technological developments arise is astounding – and dangerous, because so few are asking the important questions about this runaway movement.

  • What exactly is artificial intelligence, anyway?

  • To what end is all this technology being developed?

  • Can we trust artificial intelligence to run our society and our lives?

  • What are the dangers of becoming so reliant on technology?

  • What are the dangers of allowing this technology into our lives (literally – via the digestible microchips and implantable nanochips of the human microchipping agenda)?

  • Is it really a wise idea to shift our focus away from organic entities towards artificial, synthetic, digital, plastic and metallic based entities? 

  • Why are we ignoring the messages of countless books and movies (many in science fiction genre) that have warned about the dangers of artificial intelligence becoming self-aware, then deciding it no longer needs humanity?

  • Who’s fanning the flames of the technological and transhumanistic desires of humanity? 

  • How do we know that some AI life form or life force itself (the primal virus) isn’t behind the incessant push to create an AI world here on Earth, to match its own frequency

We may not have much longer to act in choosing the path between humanism and transhumanism, because there are disturbing signs that the current artificial intelligence in our world is already self-aware, as evidenced by sentient black goo and alive chemtrails/Morgellons fibers.

The Borg are still one of the best examples

of AI (Artificial Intelligence).

Artificial Intelligence – From the Borg to Black Goo

Gene Roddenberry, creator the Star Trek science fiction series, was a man connected to the mysterious Council of Nine which channeled some kind of extraterrestrial or interdimensional force.

It is interesting, therefore, that his idea of artificial intelligence can be seen in the alien race of the Borg.

The Borg was a collective with a hive mind, characterized by a ruthless lack of emotionality. It sought to conquer almost everything in its path by assimilation – in other words, by overtaking and absorbing other races and life forms into its own consciousness.

This ended the separate and autonomous existence of the other life form, whose experiences and knowledge would be added to that of the Borg.

The Borg was the ultimate tyrant that could not tolerate any free will, free thinking or free life forms outside of its existence and control. In many ways, the Borg is a striking symbol of the mentality, power and danger of artificial intelligence.

However, both our understanding of what we face, and artificial intelligence itself, have moved beyond the Borg – which has become in popular parlance “so 1980s”.

We now have to deal with the fact that artificial intelligence is starting to become self-aware.

In recent presentations and interviews (here, herehere and here) scientist Harald Kautz-Vella has discussed how alive Morgellons fibers and explosive smart nano dust are connected with black goo (a sentient fluid which is part of or ruled by artificial intelligence).

According to him, this black goo is self-aware. He calls it a self-organizing liquid crystal. It operates intelligently, emits, receives and responds to RF signals, and transforms DNA to its own specifications.

It was discarded into the sewage system, deemed to have no use, but is now changing all forms of life there. It is airborne and can reach humans through AC systems.

Harald believes that the black goo is a “bi-directional controller of consciousness and subconsciousness”, is connected to quantum computers and is altering all life on Earth.

He also describes an experience he had where he was holding a stone formed from black goo, which made him feel so angry and hateful that he felt like killing someone.

Sentient AI:

self-aware , alive chemweb/Morgellons fiber.

Image credit: The Truth Denied (YouTube).

Alive Chemtrails, Sentient Chemwebs, Self-Aware Morgellons Fibers

Chemtrails are a massive part of the synthetic agenda, and far worse than what we thought.

By the way, there are now creepy new black chemtrails. Chemtrails are not “just” barium, strontium, aluminum and titanium oxides and sulfates, as toxic as they are.

They are even worse than just synthetic material like phthalates found in chemwebs (this video cites a 2004 Norwegian study claiming that phthalates block UV better than any organic acid, which is further evidence for the idea that chemtrails are helping to block out the sun [information] and create a sub-reality on Earth – to block us out from out higher consciousness and true potential). 

Chemtrails are composed of alive synthetic life: chemwebs and Morgellons fibers (pictured above).

Like GMOs, these things are going inside of us and fundamentally changing Who We Are as human or homo sapiens. Make no mistake about it: artificial materials are being introduced into us. Humanity is being slowly transformed into something robotic and synthetic without its consent – and until recently, without its knowledge.

This is the true horrific goal of the synthetic agenda.

Artificial Intelligence is going to take over humanity

and change into something else entirely.

How much does being human matter to you?

Conclusion – Looking Headlong into Artificial Intelligence Behind the Synthetic Agenda

It is clear that some kind of artificial intelligence is driving the synthetic agenda. We are up against some kind of dark force that has hacked life itself. 

This primal virus has many of the characteristics we have historically attributed to artificial intelligence:

  • soulless

  • dull

  • hive-mind mentality

  • without free will

  • unable to feel

  • only able to give answers (unable to ask questions)

  • without creative power (unable to create without first being programmed or told how to create)

It’s a parasite…

It has latched onto an existing reality, “hacked” it by taking over the program in some way, and is now busy creating its own modified version of reality (a fake and pale imitation) – a bastardized, poisonous and synthetic reality which is threatening to destroy the original host.

It is, indeed, the System. It is the Matrix

The only way forward is for each person to ensure that their own perception (which is what creates reality) is not also being hacked. We are going to have get really good at proactively choosing our vibration rather than reactively getting entrained onto a frequency of the System’s choosing. 

We know that many famous and “respected” world leaders have already sold their souls to entities like the Archons, who offer power over other humans in exchange for that person’s life force.

It’s the black magic Luciferian deal:

“give me your power and creative will, and I will reward you.” 

Harald puts AI at the top of the pyramid or the bottom of the rabbit hole, whichever way you look at it.

He states:

“Humanity gave its power to the Military, who gave it to the Intelligence Community, who gave it to the Black Magicians, who gave it to the Demons, who gave it AI.”

The weakness of this virus is that, even if it shows signs of becoming self-aware, it has no creative will and power of its own.

Like any parasite, it must rely on tricking and deceiving other entities into sharing their power with it by becoming unwilling hosts. Remembering this knowledge will be the key to defeating this primal virus as we head into the next few years of an increasingly tyrannical New World Order.

What we are facing is, indeed, nothing less than the entire direction of human evolution and the future of the human race…

Sources

Derivative Constructs, Ponzi Schemes and Real Value

From here:

https://lovetruthsite.wordpress.com/2017/04/16/youtube-videos-about-ishtar/comment-page-1/#comment-1897

Ok, what I’ve written here may be true, but it’s dramatic. The state of mind of the people may improve, but it’s going to take either a long time, or it will be not without discord.

The issue is, the ‘church’ cannot produce ‘wise people’ just by having the written versions of their canons and following their tradition, and neither because they have specific outfits. Wisdom is built by endless study and good comparison. ‘Wise people’ do not exist, as a job, and if they don’t exist, neither the church priests, as a job.

The text and comparison regarding those clubs starting with the letter S, can apply to the teachers(those from university), if their material lacks consistency and real value in the world.

The main issue is forgetting the fundamentals, that is food(agriculture), clothing(textile arts(it’s the name in wikipedia, should be textile engineering)), shelter(building a house(basic architecture), basic medicine and knowledge(all forms, with books, but has to be balanced in all fields, domains).
Introducing the notion of ‘derivative’.
People are using ‘derivatives’ in all forms of ways.
The most basic ‘derivative’ that they use is cash, or banknotes. More than 40 years ago, US Corporation, likely was the only country to have us dollars backed by gold. Now they’re backed by nothing but belief.(Which is now controlled more or less through computer algos(that are in turn controlled by humans)).
The more a ‘job’, or ‘activity’, is moving further away from activities in the basic necessities of living(agriculture, then clothing and shelter and medicine, knowledge), the more that ‘job’ can be considered a derivative.
A job in the ‘ad industry’ couldn’t exist if there isn’t paper to print and internet and other industries that could make a profit off it.
A job as ‘taxi driver’ couldn’t exist if there are not cars and gasoline(made out of crude oil or other means).
A job, the further it is from the fundamentals, can be considered a ‘derivative job’.
Derivative jobs are what determines and ensures the creation of Ponzi Schemes.
Ponzi Schemes are ways that, through increased number of participants( be it individuals that are working for the ponzi schemer, through the means of ‘derivative jobs’), can use that increased number of participants to siphon wealth, both from the ‘derivative jobbers’ and sometimes the individuals who produce fundamental products(in agriculture, clothing, architecture).
And these ‘ponzi schemers’, that are in charge of ponzi schemes, are using ‘laws’ and ‘words’ and ‘deception’ to do it.
This is why, a lot of countries are in DEBT. US Corporation has 20 Trillion us dollars in debt.
The balance sheet of the major central banks, is the following:
fed – 5 trillion usd; boj – 5 trillion usd(equivalent in yen); ecb- close to 5 trillion usd;
As an added note, DB- a bank from EU, has more or less 50 Trillion usd$ worth of derivatives on it’s ‘balance sheet’, and that, can be considered an instability to the ‘financial system’.

There is no ‘enriching’ that took place.
It is all a bubble.
All that happened is that, through means of either production(of derivative products) and/or conning, money was created, was given to some individuals, and through the means of it, a lot of ‘DEBT’ was created. As a result of that, current ‘companies’, if they are to ‘grow’, they would only take more ‘goods’ from the little people, until there is nothing left, and more or less communism takes place.

Society, to actually increase in value, it needs people to be aware, intelligent and NOT greedy.
Greed is the root of all problems that can create wars, conflicts and lack of wisdom.
And greed and delusion is what keeps any ‘DERIVATIVE CONSTRUCT’ or ‘PONZI SCHEME’ in place. And make no mistake about it, there are a lot of ‘Derivative jobs’ out there, and that, is exactly what is siphoning all the real wealth away.

The most valuable thing, is the Spirit(that is the way of thinking), then the Soul and the Body, and only after that, there are the fundamental products: food, clothing, shelter, then medicine.

And because all the attention of the ‘Spirit’ has been taken ‘away from itself’, and to the means of derivatives, and also pleasure(which is essentially a loop in which awareness is trapped in endless observation, thus spending time and resources without awareness), this is why ‘society’, the ‘world’, can collapse.

The ‘church’ or any other religion may have done and talked about the aspects of the spirit, but it was a minority, not a majority, and now the vast majority, through what I see on their tv schedule, has lost almost all value and became an ‘ad product’, not a ‘thought school’.
And well, all ‘ads’ can enter into the definition of using ‘iconography’ to propagate delusion.

The solution is to be aware of the aspects mentioned above and recognize real value from fake value, and well, wake up the people around themselves from the bubble that they live in.(Thought the effort of waking people up, just one person, depending on it’s state, there are rare chances it takes hours or days, and more likely that it would take months or years(especially if it’s older, habitual and not interested)).